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Table 3 Correlates of seroprevalence of T. gondii in human population in Colombia

From: An overview of seventy years of research (1944 – 2014) on toxoplasmosis in Colombia, South America

Population studied (location) No. tested No. positive (%) Correlates of infection Reference
Healthy, mentally ill and other pathologies (Bogotá) 354 85 (24.0) Patients with various disorders, >41 years old [14]
Blood donors (Medellín) 184 98 (53.3) 16–30 years old [15]
Pregnant women (Quindío) 1617 1024 (63.3) Ownership and contact with cats, consumption of raw meat, 39 – 44 years old [19]
Pregnant women (Villavicencio) 300 158 (52.5) Contact with stray cats [24]
Pregnant women (Cali) 955 437 (45.8) 30–39 years old, low socioeconomic level [25]
Group volunteers Colombia – Italy 140 122 (50.8) Age [27]
Asymptomatic population (Manizales) 606 231 (38.1) 50–69 years old [23]
Asymptomatic population (Pasto) 240 108 (45.0) Adults, geographical differences, association with geohelminth infections [29]
Handlers in slaughterhouses (Medellín) 169 45 (26.6) Pig meat handlers 33–37 years old [31]
Pregnant women with a history of abortion (Sincelejo) 100 56 (56.0) Cat exposure [33]
Handlers in slaughterhouses 400 287 (71.8) Ingestion of raw meat, exposure to animals, contact with soil [37]
Soldiers in operations in the Amazon rainforest (Bogotá) 1001 620 (61.9) Geographical differences, untreated water consumption, consumption of wild meat [38]
Colombian newborn screening of Toxoplasma 15.333 61 (0.39) Rate of annual rainfall, geographical differences [10]