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Table 2 Haemosporidian lineage occurrence and co-occurrence with Wolbachia and insecticide resistance in mosquitoes collected in Southern France in 2006

From: Dynamics of prevalence and diversity of avian malaria infections in wild Culex pipiens mosquitoes: the effects of Wolbachia, filarial nematodes and insecticide resistance

  Haemosporidians lineages Total number (proportion) Sampling time Sampling location w Pip groups Insecticide resistance
  SUS TC MEJ MDV II III S E A AE
Plasmodium SGS1 44* (3.81) April to October 8 22 5 9 27 17 6 32   6
DELURB4 21 (1.82) April to October 1 9 7 4 9 12 5 14 1 1
DELURB5 10* (0.87) May to August, October   4 3 3 2 8 1 7   1
PADOM01 7 (0.61) July, August 1 2 4   2 5 1 4   2
GRW06 3 (0.26) August, September   2   1 1 2   2   1
SYAT05 3 (0.26) April, June   2 1    3   3   
COLL1 1 (0.09) May    1   1    1   
CXPIPS1 1 (0.09) August   1    1    1   
CXPIPS2 1 (0.09) August 1     1      1
GRW11 1 (0.09) September   1    1    1   
LINN1 1 (0.09) September   1     1 1    
PADOM01 like 1 (0.09) June   1    1    1   
SGS1 like 1 (0.09) June   1     1   1   
Haemoproteus CXPIPS3 2 (0.17) May    1 1 1 1   1   
GAGLA03 1 (0.09) August 1     1    1   
Total number of mosquitoes tested 96 sequenced 149 543 299 165 89 102 26 138 1 23
  1. A total of 1156 mosquitoes were sampled for this study. Lineages are given for each haemosporidian genus: Plasmodium and Haemoproteus. Asterisks represent multiple infections (two mosquitoes were infected by both SGS1 and DELURB5). The number of infected mosquitoes is given for each sampling location (SUS, Sussargues; TC, Tour Carbonnière; MEJ, Méjanes; MDV, Marais du Vigueirat), Wolbachia group, and insecticide resistance status (S, fully susceptible; E, resistant through carboxylesterase overproduction; A, resistant through acetylcholinesterase modification; AE, resistant through both acetylcholinesterase modification and esterase overproduction).