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Table 5 Factors associated with VL in a `multivariate conditional logistic regression model among the community in Northwest Ethiopia

From: Risk factors of visceral leishmaniasis: a case control study in north-western Ethiopia

Variables Cases Controls Adjusted OR ratio P value
No. (%) No. (%) (95% Cl)
Family size (mean 95% Cl) 5.8(5.3-6.4) 4.8(4.4-5.1) 1.359(1.026-1.799) 0.032
Sleeping on bed 74(82.2%) 183(94.8%) 0.158(0.028-0.898) 0.037
Ref. ground 16(17.8%) 10(5.2%) 1  
Cracked house wall (Yes) 60 (66.7%) 84 (44.4%) 6.368(1.585-25.580) 0.009
Ref. (un-cracked) 30(33.3%) 105(55.6%) 1  
Own goats (Yes) 37(41.1%) 43(22.3%) 6.445(1.463-28.384) 0.014
Ref. (No) 53(58.9%) 150(77.7%) 1  
Sleeping outside the house under bed net 16(17.8%) 118(61.1%) 0.093(0.024-0.357) 0.001
Ref. (without bed net) 74(82.2%) 75(38.9%) 1  
Smoking house (Yes) 50(56.2%) 168(87.0%) 0.082(0.011-0.630) 0.016
Ref. (No) 39(43.8%) 25(13.0%) 1  
Number of days stayed in the farm field (mean 95% CL) 91.3(61.7-120.9) 8(5.9-10) 1.100(1.015-1.192) 0.020
  1. Odd ratios (OR), 95% confidence intervals (Cl), and P values derived from multivariable conditional logistic regression models.