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Table 3 Factors associated with placental malaria: logistic regression model (N =1 317)

From: Coverage and efficacy of intermittent preventive treatment with sulphadoxine pyrimethamine against malaria in pregnancy in Côte d’Ivoire five years after its implementation

   Placental malaria Univariate analysis Multivariate analysis
Factors associated N n % OR 95% IC P-value AOR 95% IC P-value
Age (year)            
<20 160 18 11.25 1 - - - 1 - - -
20-24 401 50 12.46 0.98 0.55 1.73 0.94 1.06 0.60 1.89 0.82
25-29 346 18 5.20 0.49 0.25 0.93 0.03 0.52 0.27 1.00 0.05
≥30 410 31 7.56 0.59 0.32 1.09 0.09 0.64 0.34 1.20 0.16
Gravitidy            
1 317 38 11.98 1.2 0.74 1.93 0.44 - - - -
2 331 30 9.06 1.4 0.91 2.23 0.11 - - - -
≥3 669 49 7.32 1 - - - - - - -
Locality            
ANK 105 8 7.62 1 - - - - - - -
Bonoua 257 28 10.89 1.46 0.67 3.19 0.33 1.46 0.67 3.21 0.33
Cocody 195 16 8.20 0.82 0.34 1.97 0.66 0.91 0.37 2.20 0.83
Samo 81 6 7.40 1.85 0.74 4.64 0.18 1.83 0.72 4.62 0.19
Yaou 164 25 15.24 1.48 0.64 3.39 0.35 1.54 0.67 3.54 0.30
Yopougon 515 34 6.60 0.68 0.31 1.48 0.33 0.68 0.31 1.49 0.34
IPTp-sp            
0 437 34 7.78 1 - - - - - - -
1 310 26 11.92 1.04 0.61 1.75 0.87 - - - -
≥2 570 57 10.00 1.19 0.77 1.85 0.41 - - - -
Malaria during pregnancy            
Positif 154 11 7.14 0.66 0.34 1.30 0.24 - - - -
Négatif 1163 106 9.11 1 - - - - - - -
Anemia at delivery            
Severe anemia <8 g/dL 203 35 17.24 4.86 2.67 8.86 <0.00001 4.31 2.28 8.15 <0.00001
Moderate anemia <11 g/dL 557 45 8.07 1.89 1.07 3.35 0.02 1.63 0.90 2.95 0.10
Peripheral malaria            
Positive 97 39 40,2 8.87 5.6 14.05 <0.00001 8.52 5.31 13.66 <0.00001
Negative 1220 78 6,39 1 - - - 1 - - -