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Table 4 Pair-wise comparisons of geographical (km; upper diagonal) and genetic ( F ST values; lower diagonal) distances among established populations of I. scapularis

From: Genetic variation in the mitochondrial 16S ribosomal RNA gene of Ixodes scapularis (Acari: Ixodidae)

Population 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
1 Pembina Valley Provincial Park, MB - 29 307 426 543 1452 1554 2241 2246
2 Stanley Trail, MB 0.0187 - 326 447 560 1465 1565 2247 2252  
3 Itasca State Park, MN 0.0114 0.0110 - 123 238 1157 1272 1978 1983
4 Camp Ripley, MN 0.0418*** 0.0291*** 0.0214* - 145 1061 1186 1904 1909
5 St. Croix State Park, MN 0.0240* 0.0231* 0.0032 0.0033 - 921 1042 1758 1763
6 Point Pelee National Park, ON 0.0474** 0.0416*** 0.0219* 0.0225** 0.0343*** - 188 909 914
7 Long Point Provincial Park, ON 0.0692*** 0.0743*** 0.0604*** 0.0459*** 0.0604*** 0.0462*** - 738 743
8 Trustom Pond, RI 0.0461*** 0.0720*** 0.0847*** 0.0664*** 0.0830*** 0.0788*** 0.0701*** - 5  
9 Hazard Island, RI 0.1873*** 0.2305*** 0.2590*** 0.2160*** 0.2451*** 0.2393*** 0.2012*** 0.0516*** -
  1. Significance levels: *P <0.05, **P <0.01 and ***P <0.001. For the state and province abbreviations, see Table 1.