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Table 1 PCR primers for human pathogens associated w. Ixodes scapularis ticks, DOD Human Tick Test Kit Program

From: Comparison of phenology and pathogen prevalence, including infection with the Ehrlichia muris-like (EML) agent, of Ixodes scapularis removed from soldiers in the midwestern and the northeastern United States over a 15 year period (1997-2012)

Pathogen Year Initial screen Reference Reconfirmationa Reference
Anaplasma phagocytophilum      
  1997-2003 16S rRNA [9] 16S rRNA [9]
  2004-2012 groEL [10] 16S rRNA [9]
Borrelia burgdorferi      
  1997-2003 p66 [14] fla [15]
  2004-2012 ospA [16] fla [17]
Babesia microti      
  2002-2008 ss-rDNA [11] 18 s rRNA [12]
  2009-2012 ss-rDNA [13] 18 s rRNA [12]
Ehrlichia muris -like agent (EML)      
  2007-2012 groEL [10] sequenced  
  1. aReconfirmation of samples positive in the initial screen.