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Table 3 Schistosomiasis prevalence studies carried out in Malawi between 1988 and mid 2014

From: Schistosomiasis in Malawi: a systematic review

Reference number Year study was done Place where study was done Sample size Target group examined Diagnostic technique used Infection species targeted Prevalence (%)
[20] 2003 North high* 257 School children Filtration S. haematobium 7.4
[20] 2003 North high 257 School children Kato Katz S. mansoni 0
[20] 2003 Centre highα 242 School children Filtration S. haematobium 2.0
[20] 2003 Centre low§ 291 School children Filtration S. haematobium 9.5
[20] 2003 Centre low 291 School children Kato Katz S. mansoni 0
[20] 2003 South highΩ 261 School children Filtration S. haematobium 3.2
[20] 2003 South high 261 School children Kato Katz S. mansoni 1.3
[20] 2003 South low± 297 School children Filtration S. haematobium 23.2
[20] 2003 South low 297 School children Kato Katz S. mansoni 0
[20] 2003 Urbanμ 277 School children Filtration S. haematobium 3.4
[20] 2003 Urban 277 School children Kato Katz S. mansoni 0
[23] 2014 Zomba 483 School age children Filtration S. haematobium 34.0
[103] 2014 Chikhwawa 165 Mothers Filtration S. haematobium 45.1
[103] 2014 Chikhwawa 208 Pre-school children Filtration S. haematobium 17.7
[103] 2014 Chikhwawa 165 Mothers Serology S. haematobium 94.5
[103] 2014 Chikhwawa 208 Pre-school children Serology S. haematobium 49.5
[103] 2014 Chikhwawa 84 Mothers Kato Katz S. mansoni 21.5
[103] 2014 Chikhwawa 102 Pre-school children Kato Katz S. mansoni 0
[26] 2012 Chikhwawa 1642 Community based Sedimentation S. haematobium 14.2
[26] 2012 Chikhwawa 1642 Community based Kato Katz S. mansoni 4.3
[29] 2012 Mangochi 400 School children Filtration S. haematobium 12.5
[58] 1999 Mangochi 4324 Community based Filtration S. haematobium 39.0
[58] 1999 Mangochi 4131 School children Filtration S. haematobium 64.5
[80] 2008 Blantyre 14 Community based Sedimentation S. haematobium 28.6
[80] 2008 Chikhwawa 140 Community based Sedimentation S. haematobium 5.7
[80] 2008 Chiradzulu 178 Community based Sedimentation S. haematobium 5.6
[80] 2008 Mwanza 128 Community based Sedimentation S. haematobium 0.8
[80] 2008 Phalombe 39 Community based Sedimentation S. haematobium 94.9
[80] 2008 Thyolo 55 Community based Sedimentation S. haematobium 1.8
[31] 2006 Blantyre 1145 School children Filtration S. haematobium 10.4
[32] 1998 Mangochi 1084 School children Filtration S. haematobium 33.5
[32] 2007 Mangochi 1084 School children Filtration S. haematobium 4.5
[71] 2003 Mangochi 455 School children Filtration S. haematobium 36.5
[71] 2004 Mangochi 745 School children Filtration S. haematobium 35.7
[71] 2004 Mangochi 75 School children Serology S. haematobium 70.7
[71] 2005 Mangochi 1066 School children Filtration S. haematobium 21.9
[71] 2005 Mangochi 55 School children Serology S. haematobium 50.9
[71] 2006 Mangochi 1204 School children Filtration S. haematobium 36.4
[71] 2007 Mangochi 1100 School children Filtration S. haematobium 23.7
[85] 2003 Likoma 339 Community based Filtration S. haematobium 27.1
[85] 2003 Likoma 204 Community based Kato Katz S. mansoni 0.5
[85] 2003 Chizumulu 123 Community based Filtration S. haematobium 30.1
[85] 2003 Chizumulu 108 Community based Kato Katz S. mansoni 0
[85] 2006 Likoma 392 School children Filtration S. haematobium 30.0
[105] 1999 Mangochi 609 School children Kato Katz S. mansoni 0
[105] 1999 Mangochi 421 Community based Kato Katz S. mansoni 2.1
[105] 2000 Mangochi 4131 School children Filtration S. haematobium 23.8
[105] 2000 Mangochi 2316 Community based Filtration S. haematobium 17.2
[75] 2000 Blantyre 273 Village children FECβ S. mansoni 0
[75] 2000 Chiradzulu 280 Village children FEC S. mansoni 0.7
[45] 1993 Lilongwe 955 Expatriates Serology S. haematobium 32.0
[108] 1988 Lilongwe 165 Village children Sedimentation S. haematobium 0.6
[108] 1988 Lilongwe 165 Village children Kato Katz S. mansoni 67.0
  1. *Chitipa, Rumphi and Mzimba; αNtcheu, Dedza, Dowa, Kasungu, Mchinji and Ntchisi; §Salima and Nkhotakota; ΩPhalombe, Mulanje, Thyolo, Mwanza and Balaka; ±Nsanje, Chikwawa, Mangochi, Machinga; μMzuzu, Lilongwe and Blantyre; βFEC = Formol Ether Concentration.