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Table 1 Diagnostic of Besnoitia besnoiti infection in cattle from northwestern and insular Italy by serological analysis (ELISA and WB)

From: Besnoitia besnoiti among cattle in insular and northwestern Italy: endemic infection or isolated outbreaks?

  Production category (N° samples) Serology test N° positive AP 95% CI TP 95% CI
Individual level Overall (3140) ELISA 712 22.7 21.2-24.1 18.8 17.4-20.1
WB 10 0.3 0-0.7 0 0-0
Dairy (1941) ELISA 585 30.1 28.1-32.2 26.9 25-28.8
WB 2 0.1 0-0.2 0 0-0
Beef (1199) ELISA 127 10.6 8.8-12.3 5.6 4.-7.2
WB 8 0.7 0.2-1.1 0 0-0
Farm level Overall (126) ELISA 109 86.5 80.5-92.5 88.2 82.7-93.7
WB 5 3.9 0.6-7.4 1.7 0-5
Dairy (77) ELISA 77 100 95.3-100 100 95.3-100
WB 2 2.6 0-6.1 0.3 0-3.7
Beef (49) ELISA 34 69.4 56.5-82.3 69.6 57.7-81.5
WB 3 6.1 0-12.8 4 0-10.4