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Table 3 Records of metazoan parasites of Myotis from Europe

From: Parasite diversity of European Myotis species with special emphasis on Myotis myotis (Microchiroptera, Vespertilionidae) from a typical nursery roost

Host Occurence parasite with host Citation
Myotis alcathoe Arachnida: Ixodes ariadnae (HU) Ixodes simplex (SK) Ixodes vespertilionis (SK,RO) Spinturnix mystacinus (CH,SK) Insecta: Basilia italica (SK) [30-33]
Myotis aurascens Insecta: Basilia mongolensis nudior (GR) [34]
Myotis bechsteinii Arachnida: Argas vespertilionis (IT) Ixodes ricinus (PL) Macronyssus diversipilis (GB) Spinturnix bechsteini (CH,DE,FR,IT,PL,SK) [24,30,32,35-42]
Insecta: Basilia nana (DE,SK) Cimex pipistrelli (n.d.) Ischnopsyllus hexactenus (DE) Ischnopsyllus octactenus (DE) Ischnopsyllus simplex (n.d.) Nycteribia kolenatii (n.d.) Nematoda: Aonchotheca eubursata (HU) Molinostrongylus alatus (n.d.) Molinostrongylus vespertilionis (n.d.)
Myotis blythii Arachnida: Acarus penetrans (nomen dubia) (IT) Argas vespertilionis (SK) Binuncus parenzani (IT) Eyndhovenia euryalis oudemansi (n.d.) Hirstionyssus albatus (IT) Hystrionyssus arcuatus (IT) Ixodes ariadnae (HU) Ixodes vespertilionis (SK) Macronyssus granulosus (IT) Macronyssus rhinolophi (IT) Microtrombidium italicum (IT) Spinturnix acuminata (n.d.) Spinturnix myoti (CH,SK) Spinturnix kolenatii (n.d.) Spinturnix vespertilionis (IT) [24,30,32-35,43-46]
Insecta: Basilia nana (n.d.) Ischnopsyllus intermedius (n.d.) Nycteribia latreillei (GR) Nycteribia vexata (IT) Nycteribia pedicularia (IT) Nycteribia schmidlii schmidlii (IT) Nycteridopsylla eusarca (n.d.) Penicillidia conspicua (n.d.) Penicillidia dufourii (CY,GR,IT)
Nematoda: Aonchotheca moraveci (ES) Litomosa ottavianii (IT) Molinostrongylus alatus (BG) Molinostrongylus vespertilionis (n.d.) Physaloptera brevivaginata (ES) Trichuroides chiropteri (IT)
Myotis brandtii Arachnida: Argas vespertilionis (DE) Macronyssus crosbyi (LV) Macronyssus ellipticus (GB) Spinturnix kolenatii (n.d.) Spinturnix myoti (DE,LV) Spinturnix mystacinus (CH,DE,SK) Steatonyssus cavus (LV) Steatonyssus periblepharus (DE) [14,17,30,32,37,38,46]
Insecta: Basilia italica (n.d.) Cimex pipistrelli (n.d.) Ischnopsyllus hexactenus (DE,LV) Ischnopsyllus octactenus (DE) Ischnopsyllus simplex/mysticus (not clearly separable) (DE) Ischnopsyllus simplex (DE) Myodopsylla trisellis (LV) Nycteribia kolenatii (DE)
Myotis capaccinii Arachnida: Hystrionyssus arcuatus (IT) Spinturnix psi (FR) Steatonyssus periblepharus (DE,HU) [30,32,34,35,47,48]
Insecta: Nycteribia kolenatii (IT) Nycteribia latreillei (IT) Nycteribia pedicularia (CY,GR,IT) Nycteribia schmidlii schmidlii (GR,IT) Penicillidia conspicua (IT) Penicillidia dufourii (GR,IT) Phtiridium biarticulatum (IT) Rhinolophopsylla unipectinata (IT)
Digenea: Lecithodendrium linstowi (IT) Lecithodendrium rotundum (IT) Plagiorchis vespertilionis (IT)
Nematoda: Aonchotheca moraveci (ES)
Myotis dasycneme Arachnida: Argas vespertilionis (PL) Macronyssus crosbyi (LV) Macronyssus corethroproctus (PL) Spinturnix acuminata (n.d.) Spinturnix andegavinus (n.d.) Spinturnix dasycnemi (SK) Spinturnix myoti (LV,PL) Spinturnix mystacinus (n.d.) Steatonyssus cavus (LV) Steatonyssus periblepharus (PL) [17,24,32,36,37,48-50]
Insecta: Basilia nana (n.d.) Cimex pipistrelli (n.d.) Ischnopsyllus hexactenus (DE,LV) Ischnopsyllus intermedius (DE) Ischnopsyllus simplex (n.d.) Ischnopsyllus variabilis (DE) Myodopsylla trisellis (LV) Nycteribia biarticulata (LV) Nycteribia kolenatii (n.d.) Nycteribia pedicularia (LV) Nycteridopsylla pentactena (DE)
Digenea: Plagiorchis mordovii (PL)
Cestoda: Vampirolepis balsaci (PL) Vampirolepis skrjabinariana (PL)
Nematoda: Capillaria italica (HU) Molinostrongylus alatus (n.d.) Molinostrongylus vespertilionis (n.d.)
Myotis daubentonii Arachnida: Alabidocarpus intercalatus (GB) Macronyssus crosbyi (LV) Macronyssus diversipilis (GB) Macronyssus ellipticus (GB) Macronyssus flavus (CZ) Notoedres myoticola (GB) Nycteridocoptes poppei (GB) Spinturnix acuminata (n.d.) Spinturnix andegavinus (CH,CZ,DE,PL,SK) Spinturnix helvetiae (SK), Spinturnix kolenatii (n.d.) Spinturnix myoti (LV), Steatonyssus cavus (LV) Steatonyssus spinosus (n.d.) [14,17,24,30,32,35,37-39,49,51-55]
Insecta: Basilia nana (n.d.) Basilia nattereri (SK) Cimex pipistrelli (n.d.) Ischnopsyllus intermedius (n.d.) Ischnopsyllus hexactenus (DE,LV) Ischnopsyllus mysticus (DE) Ischnopsyllus octactenus (DE) Ischnopsyllus simplex (DE,SK) Ischnopsyllus variabilis (n.d.) Nycteribia kolenatii (DE,IT,SK) Nycteribia latreillii latreillii (IT) Nycteribia pedicularia (LV,IT) Nycteribia schmidlii schmidlii (IT) Nycteribia vexata (IT) Penicillidia monoceros (DE) Phthiridium biarcticulatum (n.d.)
Digenea: Lecithodendrium linstowi (BY) Plagiorchis vespertilionis (BY,IT) Prosthodendrium chilostomum (BY) Prosthodendrium longiforme (BY) Nematoda: Aonchotheca eubursata (HU) Capillaria romana (BY) Capillaria speciosa (IT) Molinostrongylus alatus (n.d.), Molinostrongylus spasskii (n.d.), Molinostrongylus tipula (n.d.) Molinostrongylus vespertilionis (n.d.)
Myotis emarginatus Arachnida: Eyndhovenia euryalis (FR,PL) Macronyssus rhinolophi (n.d.) Steatonyssus periblepharus (DE), Spinturnix emarginata (ES,PL,SK) [30,32,35,49,51,56,57]
Insecta: Basilia nana (n.d.), Basilia italica (n.d.) Cimex pipistrelli (n.d.) Ischnopsyllus emarginatus (n.d.) Ischnopsyllus simplex (n.d.) Penicillidia dufourii (IT) Phthiridium biarcticulatum (n.d.) Rhinolophopsylla unipectinata (n.d.)
Digenea: Lecithodendrium linstowi (AT) Prosthodendrium aelleni (AT) Prosthodendrium chilostomum (AT)
Cestoda: Myotolepis grisea (AT)
Myotis myotis Arachnida: Acarus penetrans (nomen dubia) (IT) Argas transgariepinus (IT) Argas vespertilionis (DE) Ichoronyssus scutatus (SK, o.r./n.a.r.) Ixodes ricinus (DE,PL,o.r.) Ixodes simplex (DE,IT,PL) Ixodes trianguliceps (PL) Ixodes vespertilionis (IT,RO,SK) Macronyssus cyclaspis (n.d.) Macronyssus diversipilis (n.d.) Macronyssus ellipticus (GB) Macronyssus flavus (CZ) Macronyssus granulosus (IT) Macronyssus rhinolophi (IT) Microtrombidium italicum (IT) Nycteridocoptes poppei. (DE) Nycteriglyphus tuerkorum (?) (CZ) Radfordia sicula (IT) Spinturnix acuminata (n.d.) Spinturnix myoti (CH,DE,IT,PL,SK,o.r.) Spinturnix mystacina (n.d.) Spinturnix psi (IT) Spinturnix vespertilionis (IT) Steatonyssus periblepharus (IT,o.r.) Steatonyssus spinosus (DE,PL,SK) Trombicula sp. (DE) [12-14,24,30,32,37-39,41,45,49,51,54-59]
Insecta: Basilia nana (SK) Basilia nattereri (n.d.) Cimex dissimilis (DE,o.r.) Cimex lectularius (DE) Cimex pipistrelli (SK) Ischnopsyllus elongatus (DE) Ischnopsyllus hexactenus (DE) Ischnopsyllus intermedius (DE,IT) Ischnopsyllus octactenus (DE,o.r.) Ischnopsyllus simplex (DE) Ischnopsyllus variabilis (DE) Nycteribia kolenatii (DE,IT) Nycteribia latreillei (DE,IT,SK) Nycteribia pedicularia (IT) Nycteribia schmidlii schmidlii (IT) Nycteribia vexata (DE,IT,SK) Nycteridopsylla eusarca (DE,IT) Nycteridopsylla longiceps (DE) Nycteridopsylla pentactena (DE) Penicillidia dufourii (DE,IT,SK)
Phthiridium biarcticulatum (IT) Rhinolophopsylla unipectinata (n.d.)
Digenea: Lecithodendrium linstowi (AT) Plagiorchis vespertilionis (AT) Prosthodendrium chilostomum (AT)
Cestoda: Cycloskrjabinia taborensis (IT) Vampirolepis balsaci (AT,HU, n.a.r./o.r.) Myotolepis grisea (AT,HU) Vampirolepis acuta (HU)
Nematoda: Aonchotheca moraveci (ES) Litomosa desportesi (HU) Litomosa ottavianii (IT) Molinostrongylus alatus (*BA,BG,CH,*HR,*ME,*MK,*RS,*SI,o.r./n.a.r.) Molinostrongylus spasskii (n.d.) Molinostrongylus vespertilionis (n.d.) Trichuroides chiropteri (IT)
Myotis mystacinus Arachnida: Argas vespertilionis (DE,PL) Ixodes sp. (LV) Ixodes vespertilionis (SK) Macronyssus ellipticus (GB) Macronyssus flavus (DE) Spinturnix kolenatii (n.d.) Spinturnix myoti (LV,SK) Spinturnix mystacinus (DE, CH,PL) Steatonyssus periblepharus (DE,GB) Steatonyssus spinosus (n.d.) [14,17,24,30,32,35,39,40,43,47,49-51,55,56]
Insecta: Basilia nana (n.d.) Basilia nattereri (n.d.) Basilia italica (IT,SK) Cimex pipistrelli (n.d.) Ischnopsyllus hexactenus (DE,LV) Ischnopsyllus mysticus (DE) Ischnopsyllus octactenus (DE) Ischnopsyllus simplex (DE,SK) Ischnopsyllus variabilis (n.d.) Myodopsylla trisellis (LV) Nycteribia kolenatii (n.d.) Nycteribia pedicularia (IT) Nycteridopsylla longiceps (DE) Nycteridopsylla pentactena (DE) Digenea: Lecithodendrium linstowi (AT), Plagiorchis vespertilionis (IT) Prosthodendrium chilostomum (AT)
Nematoda: Molinostrongylus alatus (n.d.) Molinostrongylus spasskii (n.d.) Molinostrongylus vespertilionis (n.d.)
Cestoda: Vampirolepis balsaci (PL)
Myotis nattereri Arachnida: Argas vespertilionis (DE) Ixodes vespertilionis (DE) Macronyssus diversipilis (GB) Macronyssus ellipticus (GB) Macronyssus flavus (DE) Spinturnix andegavinus (n.d.) Spinturnix myoti (DE,FR,SK) Spinturnix mystacinus (n.d.) Spinturnix psi (n.d.) [14,24,30,32-38,45,46,49,55,57,60]
Insecta: Basilia nattereri (SK) Ischnopsyllus hexactenus (DE) Ischnopsyllus intermedius (DE) Ischnopsyllus octactenus (DE) Ischnopsyllus simplex (DE,SK) Ischnopsyllus variabilis (n.d.) Nycteribia kolenatii (n.d.) Nycteribia latreillei (n.d.) Penicillidia dufourii (CY)
Digenea: Allassogonoporus amphoraeformis (BY) Mesotretes peregrinus (ES) Plagiorchis koreanus (IT) Plagiorchis vespertilionis (IT) Prosthodendrium aelleni (AT)
Cestoda: Myotolepis grisea (PL) Vampirolepis acuta (HU)
Nematoda: Aonchotheca eubursata (HU) Capillaria italica (HU,IT) Molinostrongylus alatus (n.d.)
*Myotis oxygnathus Arachnida: Ichoronyssus jacksoni (AT) Ichoronyssus scutatus (n.d.) Macronyssus rhinolophi (n.d.) Steatonyssus spinosus (n.d.) [36,47,48,57,61-63]
Nematoda: Litomosa desportesi (HU) Physaloptera brevivaginata (HU)
Cestoda: Myotolepis grisea (HU)
Myotis punicus Arachnida: Spinturnix myoti (IT,FR) [64]
  1. Given are the parasite-records of 14 European Myotis species. If available, country of record is mentioned. Abbreviations: AT Austria, *BA Bosnia and Herzegowina, BG Bulgaria, BY Belarus, CH Switzerland, CY Cyprus, CZ Czech Republic, DE Germany, ES Spain, FR France, GB Great Britain, GR Greece, *HR Croatia, HU Hungary, IT Italy, LV Latvia, *ME Montenegro, *MK The former Yugoslav republic of Macedonia, PL Poland, RO Romania, *RS Serbia, *SI Slovenia, SK Slovakia, n.d. no data given. n.a.r. new area record, o.r. own record. *All countries of former Yugoslavia were included because no locality details are available. *may not distinct on species level, treated as subspecies or synonym of M. blythii by some authors [62,63].