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Table 1 Potential breeding sites of phlebotomine sand flies examined and found to be positive

From: Study on natural breeding sites of sand flies (Diptera: Phlebotominae) in areas of Leishmania transmission in Colombia

Ecosystem Tropical dry forest Tropical humid forest  
Region, department Caribbean, Sucre Andean, Antioquia Caribbean, Chocó  
Locality Sincelejo Natural reserve Coraza Natural reserve Río Claro Natural reserve El Aguacate Total
Natural breeding site NBE NB + NIM NBE NB + NIM NBE NB + NIM NBE NB + NIM NBE (%) NB + (%) NIM (%)
1. Tabular roots - - - 21 3 9 12 4 9 32 1 33 65 (40.6) 8 (21) 51 (35.9)
2. Base of tree 27 8 22 7 3 13 - - - - - - 34 (21.2) 11 (29) 35 (24.6)
3. Tree hole 7 1 1 6 4 11 1 1 8 - - - 14 (8.7) 6 (15.7) 20 (14.1)
4. Bark of tree* 8 2 10 3 1 1 - - - - - - 11 (6.8) 3 (7.8) 11 (7.7)
5. Leaf litter 4 3 7 3 2 4 3 - - - - - 10 (3.7) 5 (13.1) 11 (7.7)
6. Termite mound 2 1 6 - - - - - - 1 - - 3 (1.8) 1 (2.6) 6 (4.2)
7. Trunk of tree 2 1 2 4 2 3 - - - - - - 6 (3.7) 3 (7.8) 5 (3.5)
8. Cave - - - 2 1 3 2 - - - - - 4 (2.5) 1 (2.6) 3 (2.11)
9. Animal burrow 2 - - 3 - - - - - 3 - - 8 (5.0) - -
10. Axils of palms 2 - - - - - - - - - - - 2 (1.2) - -
11. Pig sties and chicken houses 2 - - 1 - - - - - - - - 3 (1.8) - -
Total 56 16 48 50 16 44 18 5 17 36 1 33 160 (100) 38 (100) 142 (100)
  106NBE/32NB+/92INM 54NBE/6NB+/50INM    
  1. NBE: Number of potential natural breeding site examined, NB + : Positive natural breeding site with presence of immatures, NIM: Number of immatures found, *First record as natural breeding site of phlebotomine sand flies.