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Table 1 Generic (subgeneric) classification of phlebotomine sand flies focusing on the main vectors of Leishmania species causing most human leishmaniasis

From: Recent advances in phlebotomine sand fly research related to leishmaniasis control

Six long- accepted genera (a) Distribution of genera (a) Main vectors of human leishmaniasis (a), in genus of first column and aligned with alternative classification in fourth column Alternative genus (subgenus) classification in Latin American, Francophone and other countries (b) Form of human leishmaniasis, Leishmania parasites transmitted (c)
Phlebotomus Europe P. (Larroussius) spp. None ZVL, Le. (Le.) infantum infantum
P. (Paraphlebotomus) sergenti None ACL or ZCL, Le. (Le.) tropica
Africa P. (Larroussius) spp. None ZVL, Le. (Le.) i. infantum
P. (Larroussius) spp. None AVL or ZVL, Le. (Le.) donovani
P. (Synphlebotomus) spp. None AVL or ZVL, Le. (Le.) donovani
P. (Paraphlebotomus) sergenti None ACL or ZCL, Le. (Le.) tropica
P. (Phlebotomus) papatasi None ZCL, Le. (Le.) major
P. (Phlebotomus) duboscqi None ZCL, Le. (Le.) major
Asia P. (Larroussius) spp. None ZVL, Le. (Le.) i. infantum
P. (Euphlebotomus) argentipes None AVL, Le. (Le.) donovani
P. (Paraphlebotomus) sergenti None ACL & ZCL, Le. (Le.) tropica
P. (Adlerius) spp. None ZCL, Le. (Le.) tropica
P. (Phlebotomus) papatasi None ZCL, Le. (Le.) major
Australia, Asia No incriminated vectors Australophlebotomus Not applicable
Asia, Australia No incriminated vectors Idiophlebotomus (H) Not applicable
Africa No incriminated vectors Spelaeophlebotomus (H) Not applicable
Sergentomyia Europe, Africa, Asia, Oceania, Australia No incriminated vectors None of 6+ subgenera of Sergentomyia Not applicable
Africa, Asia No incriminated vectors Grassomyia, Parvidens, Spelaeomyia Not applicable
Chinius (H) Asia No incriminated vectors None Not applicable
Warileya C & S America No incriminated vectors Warileya (H), Hertigia (H) Not applicable
Brumptomyia C & S America No incriminated vectors None Not applicable
Lutzomyia C & S America L. (Lutzomyia) longipalpis s.l. None ZVL, Le. (Le.) infantum chagasi
S America L. (Pifanomyia) evansi Pintomyia (Pifanomyia) ZVL, Le. (Le.) i. chagasi
C & S America L. (Nyssomyia) olmeca Bichromomyia ZCL, Le. (Le.) mexicana s.l.
S America L. (Nyssomyia) flaviscutellata Bichromomyia ZCL, Le. (Le.) amazonensis
S America L. (Helcocyrtomyia) spp. None ZCL, Le. (Le.) mexicana s.l.
S America L. (Nyssomyia) spp., L. (Pifanomyia) spp., L. (Psychodopygus) spp. Nyssomyia, Pintomyia (Pifanomyia), Psychodopygus ZCL & MCL, Le. (Vi.) braziliensis
S America L. (Helcocyrtomyia) spp. None ZCL & MCL, Le. (Vi.) peruviana
C & S America L. (Nyssomyia) spp. Nyssomyia ZCL, Le. (Vi.) panamensis, Le. (Vi.) guyanensis
Americas Suspected vectors in one or more of the 26 subgeneric groups of Lutzomyia One or more of the 31 subgenera classified in 18 genera American parasites (above); plus Le. (Le.) i. infantum in North American foxhounds
  1. (a) Lewis et al. [8]; Young and Duncan [9]; Ready [1]; Maroli et al. [2]. (b) Galati [4,5]; Rispail and Léger [6]. (c) Shaw [29]; WHO [46]; Ready [1]; Maroli et al. [2]; ACL: anthroponotic cutaneous leishmaniasis; ZCL; zoonotic cutaneous leishmaniasis; MCL: muco-cutaneous leishmaniasis; AVL: anthroponotic visceral leishmaniasis; ZVL; zoonotic visceral leishmaniasis; (H) The five genera classified in tribe Hertigiini by Galati [4,5], who placed the rest in tribe Phlebotomini.