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Table 1 Prevalence of vector-borne pathogen species, gender or complex as detected by PCR in 1,010 dogsfrom southern Portugal

From: Bacterial and protozoal agents of canine vector-borne diseases in the blood of domestic and stray dogs from southern Portugal

Variable//category N° of characterized dogs (%) N° of positive dogs (%)
Anaplasma / Ehrlichia B. burgdorferi s.l. Hepatozoon L. infantum ≥1 pathogen
Region 1,010      
Lisboa 305 (30.2) 1 (0.3)a 1 (0.3) 2 (0.7)a 7 (2.3) 11 (3.6)a
Setúbal 453 (44.9) 2 (0.4)b 3 (0.7) 10 (2.2)b 3 (0.7) 17 (3.8)b
Algarve 252 (25.0) 16 (6.3)a,b 4 (1.6) 19 (7.5)a,b 1 (0.4) 40 (15.9)a,b
Breed 793      
Defined 344 (43.4) 4 (1.2) 3 (0.9) 8 (2.3) 6 (1.7) 21 (6.1)
Mongrel 449 (56.6) 12 (2.7) 5 (1.1) 18 (4.0) 4 (0.9) 39 (8.7)
Gender 1,004      
Female 504 (50.2) 9 (1.8) 5 (1.0) 15 (3.0) 4 (0.8) 33 (6.5)
Male 500 (49.8) 9 (1.8) 3 (0.6) 14 (2.8) 7 (1.4) 33 (6.6)
Age (months) 938      
[1-11] 73 (7.8) 3 (4.1) 2 (2.7) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 5 (6.8)
[12–83] 576 (61.4) 10 (1.7) 4 (0.7) 15 (2.6) 7 (1.2) 36 (6.3)
[84–228] 289 (30.8) 3 (1.0) 1 (0.3) 7 (2.4) 3 (1.0) 14 (4.8)
Lifestyle 1,010      
Domestic 521 (51.6) 15 (2.9)a 6 (1.2) 19 (3.6) 6 (1.2) 45 (8.6)a
Stray 489 (48.4) 4 (0.8)a 2 (0.4) 12 (2.5) 5 (1.0) 23 (4.7)a
Housing 852      
Indoors 63 (7.4) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)a,b
Mixed 182 (21.4) 5 (2.7) 3 (1.6) 11 (6.0) 0 (0.0) 19 (10.4)a
Outdoors 607 (71.2) 11 (1.8) 4 (0.7) 18 (3.0) 5 (0.8) 38 (6.3)b
Acaricides-insecticides 963      
Yes 448 (46.5) 5 (1.5) 4 (0.8) 10 (2.2) 6 (1.3) 25 (5.6)
No 515 (53.5) 12 (2.3) 4 (0.8) 19 (3.7) 4 (0.8) 38 (7.4)
Clinical status 906      
Non-suspect 700 (77.3) 12 (1.7) 5 (0.7) 26 (3.7) 7 (1.0) 49 (7.0)
Suspect 206 (22.7) 6 (2.9) 2 (1.0) 3 (1.5) 3 (1.5) 14 (6.8)
Total 1,010 19 (1.9) 8 (0.8) 31 (3.1) 11 (1.1) 68 (6.7)
  1. a,bStatistically significant difference for the same agent between categories of the same variable (p < 0.05).