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Table 3 Mean numbers (±SE) of female and male P . orientalis attracted to tent traps baited with different domestic animals and human host

From: Host choice of Phlebotomus orientalis (Diptera: Psychodidae) in animal baited experiments: a field study in Tahtay Adiyabo district, northern Ethiopia

Bait types Mean number ± SE of sand flies collected/tent trap
Female Male
Cow 53.44 ± 3.19ab 359.56 ± 54.25a
Donkey 82.69 ± 10.81a 103.81 ± 21.16b
Human 37.19 ± 2.82c 28.63 ± 3.24c
Sheep 5.00 ± 1.12d 21.50 ± 4.79 cd
Goat 3.5 ± 1.19de 13.31 ± 3.34d
Dog 2.44 ± 0.99ef 4.19 ± 1.52e
Chicken 0.38 ± 0.25f 1.25 ± 0.61e
Control 0.44 ± 0.12f 1.00 ± 0.45e
  1. Mean values followed by the same letter on the same line are not significantly different (P < 0.01; Multiple-Mann Whitney U-test).