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Table 2 Summary of trypanosomes detected in major surveys of wildlife in the Luangwa Valley

From: Sleeping sickness and its relationship with development and biodiversity conservation in the Luangwa Valley, Zambia

Species (n) Survey reference T. brucei T. congolense T. vivax Total Percentage positive
African wild dog (5) [12,37] 0 0 0 0 0.0
Baboon (20) [37,70] 0 0 0 0 0.0
Bat (2) [37] 0 0 0 0 0.0
Black rhinoceros (6) [9,37] 0 0 0 0 0.0
Buffalo (88) [12,37,71] 1 2 6 9 10.2
Bushbuck (66) [9,12,37,71] 12 18 5 31** 47.0
Bushpig (4) [9,71] 0 0 0 0 0.0
Cane rat (1) [37] 0 0 0 0 0.0
Civit (6) [37] 0 1 0 1 17.0
Crocodile (6) [12,37] 0 0 0 0 0.0
Duiker (7) [37] 0 2 1 3 42.9
Eland (4) [12] 0 2 1 2* 50.0
Elephant (28) [9,12,37] 0 2 0 2 7.1
Genet (6) [37] 0 0 0 0 0.0
Giraffe (2) [12,37] 1 0 0 1 50.0
Greater kudu (41) [9,12,37,71] 0 19 7 18**** 43.9
Grysbok (9) [12,37] 0 0 0 0 0.0
Hare (10) [37] 0 0 0 0 0.0
Hartebeest (11) [9,12,71] 1 0 0 1 9.1
Hippopotamus (280) [9,12,37] 5 0 1 6 2.1
Hyaena (14) [12,37] 2 2 0 4 28.6
Impala (106) [9,12,37,71] 4 2 0 7* 6.6
Jackal (1) [37] 0 0 0 0 0.0
Leopard (16) [12,37] 2 0 0 2 12.5
Lion (22) [9,12,37] 5 7 0 12 54.5
Mongoose (2) [37] 0 0 0 2 0.0
Puku (96) [9,12,37,71] 2 2 2 6 6.3
Porcupine (1) [37] 0 0 0 0 0.0
Roan (24) [9,12,37] 0 3 0 3 12.5
Serval (2) [37] 0 0 0 0 0.0
Vervet monkey (19) [12,37] 0 0 0 0 0.0
Warthog (92)   5 9† 1 14* 15.2
Waterbuck (65) [9,12,37,71] 7 6 26 43***** 66.2
Wild cat (1) [37] 0 0 0 0 0.0
Wildebeest (20) [9,12,37,71] 1 1 1 2* 10.0
Zebra (43) [9,12,37,71] 0 0 0 0 0.0
  1. *includes one mixed infection, **includes two mixed infections, ****includes four mixed infections, *****includes five mixed infections and †includes four T. simiae infections.