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Table 1 Relative abundance and fauna of sand flies collected from three villages of Tahtay Adiyabo district, May 2011 to April 2012

From: Species composition of phlebotomine sand flies and bionomics of Phlebotomus orientalis (Diptera: Psychodidae) in an endemic focus of visceral leishmaniasis in Tahtay Adiyabo district, Northern Ethiopia

Sand fly species CDC light traps Sticky traps Indoor space sprays Total Relative frequency (%)
M/F M/F M/F  
Phlebotomus orientalis 5,360/2,606 14,547/1,150 26/22 23,711 23.53
P. rodhaini 17/13 29/33 0/0 92 0.09
P. bergeroti 26/20 15/13 2/3 79 0.08
P. martini 19/11 11/10 3/3 56 0.06
P. papatasi 14/16 6/4 0/3 43 0.04
P. duboscqi 5/9 1/6 1/5 27 0.03
P. alexandri 0/2 0/0 0/0 2 0.002
P. lesleyae 8/85 21/33 0/0 147 0.14
P. heischi 2/2 0/2 0/0 6 0.006
Sergentomyia africana 19,373/1,7812 10,301/10,423 406/1204 59,519 59.06
S. schwetzi 774/1,255 1,191/1,358 97/365 5,040 5.00
S. clydei 1,059/1,631 446/721 60/111 4,028 3.99
S. antennata *346/276 *1398/1097 *74/344 3,535 3.51
S. bedfordi 270/388 421/402 13/32 1,526 1.51
S. dubia *-/198 *-/894 *-/75 1,167 1.16
S. squamiplueris 146/278 129/64 6/6 629 0.62
S. adleri 132/168 105/122 36/48 611 0.61
S. calcarata 27/102 38/211 6/91 475 0.47
S. subtilis 4/11 11/18 0/0 44 0.04
S. adami 4/5 3/2 6/7 27 0.03
S. satti 2/0 0/0 0/0 2 0.002
S. christophersi 0/0 1/1 0/0 2 0.002
S. capensis 0/0 1/1 0/0 2 0.002
S. thomsoni 1/0 0/0 0/0 1 0.001
S. affinis 1/0 0/0 0/0 1 0.001
Total 27,590/24,888 28,675/16,565 736/2,318 100,772 100
  1. *Males of S. antennata and S. dubia are morphologically difficult to distinguish with certainty (Abonnenc and Minter [11]).