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Table 2 Factors associated with Periportal fibrosis among resident of fishing villages of North-western Tanzania

From: Periportal fibrosis, liver and spleen sizes among S. mansoni mono or co-infected individuals with human immunodeficiency virus-1 in fishing villages along Lake Victoria shores, North-Western, Tanzania

Variable cOR 95% CI P -value aOR 95% CI P -value
Sex
Female 1    1   
Male 1.79 1.21 – 2.68 0.004 2.27 1.41 – 3.65 0.001**
Age (in years)
21 – 30 1.35 0.71 – 2.53 0.36 2.45 1.09 – 5.47 0.028**
31 – 40 1.32 0.68 – 2.54 0.40 1.42 0.62 – 3.26 0.40
41- 50 1.16 0.53 – 2.55 0.71 1.34 0.56 – 3.28 0.51
51 - 55 1    1   
Occupation
SSB* 1    1   
Farming 0.74 0.41 – 1.34 0.33 ------ ------ -------
Fishing 1.26 0.64 – 2.45 0.50 ------ ------ -------
Village of residence
Igombe 1    1   
Sangabuye 0.52 0.26 – 1.03 0.06 0.39 0.18 – 0.85 0.018
Kayenze 1.17 0.71 – 1.94 0.53 1.05 0.59 – 1.85 0.19
Igalagala 1.44 0.79 – 2.62 0.23 1.74 0.74 – 4.06 0.19
Residential years
≥ 2 - 5 1    1   
6 – 10 1.18 0.57 – 2.44 0.64 1.09 0.49 – 2.45 0.81
11 – 20 2.02 1.05 – 3.87 0.035 3.52 1.38 – 8.93 0.01**
≥ 21 1.42 0.79 – 2.57 0.24 2.66 1.27 – 5.58 0.01**
Malaria infection
No 1    1   
Yes 0.57 0.26 – 1.24 0.16 0.72 0.32 – 1.61 0.43
HIV-1 infection
No 1      
Yes 0.90 0.39 – 2.08 0.81 ----- ----- -----
Intensity of S. mansoni i infection (epg)
1-100 1    1   
101 – 399 0.91 0.55 – 1.49 0.72 0.84 0.47 – 1.46 0.53
≥400 1.38 0.89 – 2.13 0.14 1.11 0.66 – 1.86 0.68
  1. SSB* = small scale business, cOR = Crude Odd Ratio, aOR = Adjusted Odd Ratio.
  2. **significant P-values for factors associated with peri-portal fibrosis.