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Table 2 Pooled estimates of T. gondii in food animals by potential risk factors

From: A meta-analysis of the prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in animals and humans in Ethiopia

Risk factors p (95 % CI) Z-p Q/df Q-p I2 X 2 Y-p OR (95 % CI)
All animals Overall 35.50 (25.96,46.36) 0.009 56.97 0.000 98.2    
Ruminant 32.54 (22.51,44.47) 0.005 32.41 0.000 98.1 0.01 0.933 1.01 (0.87,1.16)
Non-ruminant 32.34 (28.88,35.99) 0.000 1.5 0.223 33.4    
Small Ruminants Overall 34.59 (21.08, 51.12) 0.067 88.69 0.000 98.9    
Sheep 33.51 (26.06, 41.90) 0.000 10.71 0.000 90.7 10.24 0.001 1.25 (1.09,1.43)
Goat 28.80 (11.17, 56.54) 0.129 100.39 0.000 99    
Female 29.38 (23.06, 36.63) 0.000 9.73 0.000 89.7 23.95 0.000 1.70 (1.37,2.12)
Male 19.67 (10.80, 33.09) 0.000 11.48 0.000 91.3    
Adult 34.30 (24.96, 45.07) 0.005 18.79 0.000 94.7 100.50 0.000 3.06 (2.43,3.86)
Young 14.62 (10.93, 19.26) 0.000 2.35 0.070 57.4    
Midland a 53.32 (36.12, 69.76) 0.710 16.09 0.000 93.8 45.43 0.000 2.27 (1.78,2.91)
Highland 33.45. (29.78, 37.36) 0.000 0.28 0.597 0    
Lowland 14.99 (8.0, 26.39) 0.000    .    
  1. I2, inverse variance index; OR, odds ratio; Q, Cochran’s X 2; Y-p, probability of Yates test; Z-p, probability of Z test
  2. aThe comparison was between midland and highland estimates