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Table 1 Mosquito abundance, biting rates, sporozoitic index and EIR in urban and less urbanized settings

From: Impact of vegetable crop agriculture on anopheline agressivity and malaria transmission in urban and less urbanized settings of the South region of Cameroon

  Mosquito species Abundancea Biting ratesd (b/p/n) Sporozoitic indexe (%) EIRd (ib/p/n)
HAb site RBc site HA site RB site HA site RB site HA site RB site
Urban settings (Yaoundé) An. gambiae 11,268 1744 17.4 2.7 1.7 8.3 1.39 1.13
An. funestus s.s. 6723 44 10.4 0.07 0.9 6.8 0.47 0.007
An. nili s.s. - 374 - 0.6 - 5 - 0.03
Culicinae 539 181 0.8 0.27 - - - -
Overall 18,530 2343 28.6 3.64 1.4 6.7 1.86 1.167
Less urbanized settings (Akonolinga) An. gambiae 9911 1573 15.3 2.4 1.8 7.05 1.32 0.9
An. funestus s.s. 7185 746 11.1 1.2 1.5 8.2 0.8 0.5
An. moucheti s.s. 128 1778 0.2 2.7 5.5 7.06 0.01 0.93
An. hancocki 28 16 0.04 0.03 - - - -
Culicinae 3382 323 5.2 0.5 - - - -
Overall 20,634 4436 31.8 6.83 1.8 7.2 2.13 2.33
  1. aAbundance: Within 648 man-night captures
  2. bHA: Hydro-Agricultural
  3. cRB: River Bank
  4. dBiting rates and EIR are calculated over the year
  5. eELISA test was performed on part of the total number of Anopheles mosquitoes captured