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Table 3 Percentage of serum samples positive for antibodies against Cooperia oncophora, Dictyocaulus viviparus and Fasciola hepatica. Results for the field samples are shown per country and include 95 % confidence intervals (95 % CI)

From: Development of a multiplex fluorescence immunological assay for the simultaneous detection of antibodies against Cooperia oncophora, Dictyocaulus viviparus and Fasciola hepatica in cattle

  Denmark (n = 39) Poland (n = 367) Switzerland (n = 76)
C. oncophora 28.21%a 73.84%b 48.68%c
95 % CI 16.42–43.90 % 69.11–78.08 % 37.78–59.71 %
D. viviparus 0%ab 3.82%b 0%a
95 % CI 0–10.68 % 2.23–6.34 % 0–5.77 %
F. hepatica 64.10%ac 79.84%b 67.11%c
95 % CI 48.73–77.31 % 75.42–83.63 % 55.91–76.65 %
  1. Percentages which do not share the same indices (a, b, c) are significantly different in a Mid-P exact test (p < 0.05)