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Table 4 Seropositivity of Ethiopian animals for Phlebotomus orientalis saliva IgG. The cut-off value was calculated as the mean optical density in the control animals plus 3 standard deviations (details provided in the Methods)

From: Exposure to Leishmania spp. and sand flies in domestic animals in northwestern Ethiopia

   Anti-P. orientalis IgG positive/total animals sampled (% seropositive)
Species Cut-off Addis Zemen Sheraro Humera Total
Cow 0.876 4/62 (6.5 %) 1/26 (3.8 %) 0/16 (0 %) 5/104 (4.8 %)
Dog 0.143 11/19 (57.9 %) 4/7 (57.1 %) 5/8 (62.5 %) 20/34 (58.8 %)
Donkey 0.550 0/3 (0 %) 3/11 (27.3 %) 4/6 (66.7 %) 7/20 (35.0 %)
Goat 0.685   17/106 (16.0 %) 6/133 (4.5 %) 23/239 (9.6 %)
Sheep 0.410 3/27 (11.1 %) 1/5 (20.0 %) 67/117 (57.3 %) 71/149 (47.7 %)
Total   18/111 (16.2 %) 26/155 (16.8 %) 82/280 (29.3 %) 126/546 (23.1 %)