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Table 5 Correlation analysis of serological results

From: Exposure to Leishmania spp. and sand flies in domestic animals in northwestern Ethiopia

Species   Ethiopia Addis Zemen Sheraro Humera
Cow ρ 0.37*** 0.38** 0.43* 0.48
  n 104 62 26 16
Dog ρ 0.12 0.15 −0.46 0.36
  n 34 19 7 8
Donkey ρ 0.31 0.50 0.52 −0.03
  n 20 3 11 6
Goat ρ 0.37***   0.36*** 0.37***
  n 239   106 133
Sheep ρ 0.65*** 0.67*** 1.00*** 0.61***
  n 149 27 5 117
  1. Results from the Spearman-Rank Correlation Matrix test for anti-Leishmania donovani IgG and anti-Phlebotomus orientalis saliva IgG
  2. ρ correlation coefficient, n number of serum samples tested
  3. Asterisk (*) indicate significant correlations: *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001