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Table 2 Estimated percentages of coprophagic behaviour, clean-up behavior of owners and outdoor access of household cats

From: Environmental contamination with Toxocara eggs: a quantitative approach to estimate the relative contributions of dogs, cats and foxes, and to assess the efficacy of advised interventions in dogs

Area Age group Coprophagic dogs (c 1), % percentage of dog owners that never/rarely clean up feces (s 1), % Household cats with outdoor access (o 2), %
Urban Young adults 54.00 (40.23–67.46) 42.00 (28.81–55.78) 50.00 (9.41–90.56)
Urban Adults 59.56 (51.22–67.62) 59.56 (51.22–67.63) 30.00 (12.57–51.20)
Intermediate Young adults 42.86 (34.59–51–32) 66.17 (57.93–73.93) 22.22 (6.80–43.41)
Intermediate Adults 56.33 (51.46–61.13) 64.20 (59.63–68.65) 76.67 (65.26–86.38)
Rural Young adults 61.22 (47.34–74.23) 57.14 (43.21–70.51) 60.00 (19.39–93.24)
Rural Adults 61.64 (53.64–69.34) 73.79 (66.36–80.60) 78.95 (58.56–93.59)
  1. Estimated mean and 95 % confidence interval of the posterior distribution of the rates of dogs displaying coprophagic behaviour, percentage of dog owners that never/rarely clean up feces, and outdoor access of household cats for young adults (6–12 month-old) and adults (>12 month-old) in urban, intermediate and rural areas in the Netherlands