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Table 1 Host-choice experiment results of Culex pipiens pipiens under non-diapause induced (NDI), diapause induced (DI), and field overwintering (OW) conditions

From: Experimental host preference of diapause and non-diapause induced Culex pipiens pipiens (Diptera: Culicidae)

Condition Host No. trials No. released No. in all traps (% [95 % CI]) No. in bird trap (% [95 % CI]) No. in rat trap (% [95 % CI]) χ2
NDI Bird up - Rat down 24 959 292 (30.5 [27.5-33.4]) 236 (80.8 [76.3-85.3]) 56 (19.2 [14.7-23.7])  
Bird down - Rat up 24 630 51 (8.1 [6.0-10.2]) 38 (74.5 [62.6-86.5]) 13 (25.5 [13.5-37.5])  
Total Bird - Rat 48 1,589 343 (21.6 [19.6-23.6]) 274 (79.9 [75.6-84.1]) 69 (20.1 [15.9-24.4]) p < 0.001
DI Bird up - Rat down 18 349 79 (22.6 [18.3-27.0]) 61 (77.2 [68.0-86.5]) 18 (22.8 [13.5-32.0])  
Bird down - Rat up 18 352 21 (6.0 [3.5-8.4]) 19 (90.5 [77.9-99.0]) 2 (9.5 [0.1-22.1])  
Total Bird - Rat 36 701 100 (14.3 [11.7-16.9]) 80 (80.0 [72.2-87.8]) 20 (20.0 [12.2-27.8]) p < 0.001
OW Bird up - Rat down 20 1,331 227 (17.1 [15.0-19.1]) 169 (74.5 [68.8-80.1]) 58 (25.6 [19.9-31.2])  
Bird down - Rat up 20 954 182 (19.1 [16.6-21.6]) 171 (94.0 [90.5-97.4]) 11 (6.0 [2.6-9.5])  
Total Bird - Rat 40 2,285 409 (17.9 [16.3-19.5]) 340 (83.1 [79.5-86.8]) 69 (16.9 [13.2-20.5]) p < 0.001