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Table 5 Percent kdr L1014S genotype frequency, number of mosquitoes tested (N), and percent homozygous resistant (RR) samples, per year and study site, for An. gambiae s.s. and An. arabiensis

From: Entomological surveillance following a long-lasting insecticidal net universal coverage campaign in Midwestern Uganda

Site Year kdr L1014S
An. gambiae s.s. An. arabiensis
Frequency N RR Frequency N RR
Hoima 2009 70.8 77 48.1    
2010 78.8 26 69.2    
2011 99.1 56 98.2 0.0 1 0.0
2012 98.4 62 96.8    
p-value χ 2 = 69.68, p < 0.001    
Kyankwanzi 2009 85.4 103 73.8 0.0 1 0.0
2010 87.9 29 75.9    
2011 98.0 100 96.0 0.0 1 0.0
2012 95.5 168 91.1 3.1 16 0.0
p-value χ 2 = 32.64, p < 0.001    
Buliisa 2009 72.4 38 57.9 0.0 16 0.0
2010 86.7 15 73.3 0.0 8 0.0
2011 96.2 52 94.2 0.0 58 0.0
2012 86.0 43 79.1 0.0 37 0.0
p-value χ 2 = 19.18, p = 0.004    
Kibaale 2009 52.7 37 27.0    
2010 60.3 29 31.0    
2011 95.1 51 90.2    
2012 99.2 62 98.4    
p-value χ 2 = 90.96, p < 0.001    
  1. P-values compare genotype frequencies between years for An. gambiae s.s
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