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Table 1 Number and percentage of avian- and mammalian-derived blood meals identified from Culiseta melanura in Vermont, June through October, 2012

From: Insights into the recent emergence and expansion of eastern equine encephalitis virus in a new focus in the Northern New England USA

Vertebrate Host Scientific Name R. C. June July Aug Sept Oct Total (%)
Avian
 Green Heron Butorides virescens S 28 28     56 (16.9)
 American Robin Turdus migratorius S 5 8 19 6   38 (11.5)
 Common Yellowthroat Geothlypis trichas S 1 4 7 16 2 30 (9.1)
 Black-capped Chickadee Poecile atricapillus P 2 7 5 2 1 17 (5.1)
 Savannah Sparrow Passerculus sandwichensis S   2 3 7 1 13 (3.9)
 Common Grackle Quiscalus quiscula S 1 4 2 5   12 (3.6)
 Rose-breasted Grosbeak Pheucticus ludovicianus S   1 1 8   10 (3.0)
 Red-eyed Vireo Vireo olivaceus S   3 2 5   10 (3.0)
 Northern Cardinal Cardinalis cardinalis P   4 5 1   10 (3.0)
 Veery Catharus fuscescens S 1 4 3 1   9 (2.7)
 Wood Thrush Hylocichla mustelina S   3 3 2   8 (2.4)
 Cedar Waxwing Bombycilla cedrorum P   2 2 2   6 (1.8)
 Grasshopper Sparrow Ammodramus savannarum S 1 1 4    6 (1.8)
 Ovenbird Seiurus aurocapilla S   3 2 1   6 (1.8)
 Black-billed Cuckoo Coccyzus erythropthalmus S   1 4    5 (1.5)
 Blue-headed Vireo Vireo solitarius S   4 1    5 (1.5)
 Long-eared Owl Asio otus S    3 2   5 (1.5)
 American Goldfinch Spinus tristis P    2 1 1 4 (1.2)
 Indigo Bunting Passerina cyanea S    2 2   4 (1.2)
 Marsh Wren Cistothrous palustris S 1   1 2   4 (1.2)
 Swamp Sparrow Melospiza georgiana S   2 1 1   4 (1.2)
 Blue Jay Cyanocitta cristata P 1 3     4 (1.2)
 European Starling Sturnus vulgaris P   1 1 1   3 (0.9)
 House Wren Troglodytes aedon S   1 2    3 (0.9)
 Purple Finch Carpodacus purpureus P    1 2   3 (0.9)
 Song Sparrow Melospiza melodia S   2 1    3 (0.9)
 Tufted Titmouse Baeolophus bicolor P    3    3 (0.9)
 Eastern Phoebe Sayornis phoebe S     2   2 (0.6)
 Hermit Thrush Catharus guttatus S   1 1    2 (0.6)
 Least Flycatcher Empidonax minimus S   1   1   2 (0.6)
 Magnolia Warbler Dendroica magnolia S    2    2 (0.6)
 Mourning Dove Zenaida macroura S 1 1     2 (0.6)
 Red-winged Blackbird Agelaius phoeniceus S   2     2 (0.6)
 Scarlet Tanager Piranga olivacea S 1   1    2 (0.6)
 Swainson’s Thrush Catharus ustulatus S     2   2 (0.6)
 Yellow Warbler Dendroica petechia S   2     2 (0.6)
 American Bittern Botaurus lentiginosus S   1     1 (0.3)
 American Crow Corvus brachyrhynchos P     1   1 (0.3)
 Baltimore Oriole Icterus galbula S   1     1 (0.3)
 Bay-breasted Warbler Dendroica castanea M     1   1 (0.3)
 Black-and-White Warbler Mniotilta varia S   1     1 (0.3)
 Bobolink Dolichonyx oryzivorus S   1     1 (0.3)
 Canada Warbler Wilsonia canadensis S   1     1 (0.3)
 Gray Catbird Dumetella carolinensis S     1   1 (0.3)
 Rusty Blackbird Euphagus carolinus S 1      1 (0.3)
 White-throated Sparrow Zonotrichia albicollis S      1 1 (0.3)
 Willow Flycatcher Empidonax traillii S 1      1 (0.3)
 Yellow-billed Cuckoo Coccyzus americanus S    1    1 (0.3)
 Yellow-rumped Warbler Setophaga coronata S     1   1 (0.3)
Mammalian
 Cow Bos taurus P   14     14 (4.2)
 Human Homo sapiens P   4     4 (1.2)
 White-tailed Deer Odocoileus virginianus P   1     1 (0.3)
Total    45 119 85 76 6 331
  1. R. C. = Residency codes: P, permanent resident (found year round in the state); S, summer resident (present in state during the nesting season); M, migratory (migrates through the state in spring and/or fall)