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Table 8 Field trial one: Multiple Tukey’s all-pair comparisons of (i) the total number Culicoides collected (all species) and (ii) the number of females of potential AHSV vector species of Culicoides (Culicoides obsoletus (Meigen), 1818; Culicoides scoticus Downes and Kettle, 1952; Culicoides dewulfi (Goetghebuer), 1936; and Culicoides chiopterus (Meigen), 1830) collected within Ultraviolet (UV) Center for Disease Control (CDC) light-suction traps within frames which are either (i) covered with insecticide-treated mesh, (ii) covered with untreated mesh, or (iii) left uncovered

From: Can insecticide-treated netting provide protection for Equids from Culicoides biting midges in the United Kingdom?

   Insecticide-treated mesh Untreated mesh No mesh
Total Culicoides (all species) Insecticide-Treated Mesh - −2.54 NS −5.19***
Untreated Mesh - - −2.65***
No Mesh - - -
Total female potential AHSV vector Culicoides Insecticide-Treated Mesh - −2.54 NS −2.65***
Untreated Mesh - - −2.65***
No Mesh - - -
  1. NS not significant
  2. Estimate with P values shown as superscript *** P ≤ 0.001