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Table 1 Overview of reports on human infections with Schistosoma spp. in DRC

From: Schistosomiasis in the Democratic Republic of Congo: a literature review

Province Location Geographic unit Year of publication Study population Number of people tested (n) Species Infection prevalence (%) Risk group Diagnostic method used References
Kinshasa Kintambo 1 school 1976 SAC 50 Sm 4.0 NR Coprology + rectal snip [17]
Kitambo and Bandalungua NR 1977 TP 1,818 Sm 16.3 12–15 years Ritchie [18]
Kitambo and Bandalungua NR 1983 SAC 735 Sm 39.6 Males 13–14 years Kato [21]
Quartier Brikin NR 1987 TP 156 Si 30.0 10–19 years Kato [20]
Mangungu and Tsudi rivers area NR 1997 SAC 167 Si 3.6 NR Kato-Katz [25]
Random selection 26 schools 2009 SAC 1,559 Sm 3.1 NR Kato-Katz [Linsuke: Schistosomiasis in schoolchildren of Kinshasa and Bas-Congo provinces, Democratic Republic of Congo, unpublished]
Sh 0.13 NR Stick test
Si 0.6 NR Kato-Katz
Mokali health area 2 schools 2014 SAC 616 Sm 6.4 Girls Kato-Katz [24]
Bas-Congo Konde-kuimba 1 village 1985 TP 510 Sm 63.0 Males 10–19 years Kato-Katz [19]
Females 5–19 years
Palm oil extractors
Songololo territory 57 schools 2000 SAC 5,806 Sm 31.2 NR Kato-Katz [22]
2,495 Sh 20.2 NR Stick test
Kimpese and Nsona- Mpangu health districts 26 schools 2009 SAC 840 Sm 25.2 NR Kato Katz [Linsuke: Schistosomiasis in schoolchildren of Kinshasa and Bas-Congo provinces, Democratic Republic of Congo, unpublished]
Sh 10.0 NR Urine sedimentation
Eastern Kasaï Kasansa health district 6 schools 2014 SAC 335 Sm 82.7 Male Kato-Katz [26]
Maniema SOMINKI mining zone 2 villages 1987 TP 910 Sm 19.0 and 96.0 Subjects under 18 years Kato [30]
SOMINKI mining zone 10 villages 1986 TP 6,433 Sm 73.0–96.0 NR Kato [36]
SOMINKI mining zone 38 villages 1985 TP 8,958 Sm 7.1–96.7 11–20 years Kato [34]
SOMINKI mining zone 5 villages 1989 TP 4,073 Sm >80.0 11–20 years Kato [31]
SOMINKI mining zone 4 village 1984 male labourers 22–35 years 154 Sm 3.0–93.0 NR Kato [38]
Kasongo 1 school 1981 SAC 61 Sh 6.6 NR Sedimentation [29]
52 Sm 71.1 NR Kato-Katz
Kindu 1 school 1981 SAC 32 Sh 72.0 NR Sedimentation [29]
40 Sm 17.5 NR Kato-Katz
South-Kivu Katana >3 villages 2000 TP 787 Sm 8.1 10–14 years Kato-Katz [28]
Eastern province Yakusu NR 1956 TP 470 Si 38.6 Children and adolescents Coprology [46]
Aru territory 3 schools 1986 SAC 1,550 Sm 12.4–21.2 6–15years Ritchie and Kato-Katz [47]
Katanga Lac Lufira reservoir area 77 villages 1969 TP 3,019 Sh 12.1 10–14 years Urine sedimentation [43]
3,019 Sm 6.3 Willis + Telleman Bailenger
  1. Abbreviations: SOMINKI Société Minière du Kivu; Sm Schistosoma mansoni; Sh S. haematobium; Si S. intercalatum; TP total population; SAC school-aged children; NR not reported