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Table 1 Avian malaria parasites found from Culex pipiens pallens in Rinshi-no-mori park, Tokyo

From: Sporogony and sporozoite rates of avian malaria parasites in wild Culex pipiens pallens and C. inatomii in Japan

Plasmodium lineage Previous PCR study [2] This study: dissection and PCR Vector status
(N = 1252) (N = 533)
DNA Infection rate (%) Oocysts Infection rate (%) Oocysts & sporozoites Sporozoite rate (%)
CXPIP09 43 3.43 6 1.13 3 0.56 Competent
SGS1-P. relictum 30 2.40 4 0.75 5 0.94 Competent
PADOM02 16 1.28      Unknown
GRW11-P. relictum 3 0.24    1* 0.19 Competent
CXPIP11 1 0.08      Unknown
CXPIP12 4 0.32      Unknown
CXPIP13 1 0.08      Unknown
CXPIP14 1 0.08      Unknown
GALLUS01- P. gallinaceum 4 0.32      Not competent [2, 30]
SYAT05-P. vaughani 1 0.08      Unknown
GRW4-P. relictum      3* 0.56 Competent
Total 104 8.31 10 1.87 11 2.06  
  1. *One C. p. pallens specimen was co-infected with CXQUI01 and GRW4-P. relictum. GenBank accession numbers: CXPIP09 [AB458850], SGS1-P. relictum [AF495571], PADOM02 [DQ058612], GRW11- P. relictum [AY831748], CXPIP11 [AB477121], CXPIP12 [AB477122], CXPIP13 [AB477126], CXPIP14 [AB477125], GALLUS01-P. gallinaceum [AY099029], SYAT05 [DQ847271] and GRW4-P. relictum [AF254975]