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Table 2 Olfactometer attraction assays. Mean numbers (±SE) of Ph. papatasi females in the treatment, middle, and control chambers of the olfactometers and percent flies responding (Total number of flies at both the treatment and control chambers divided by total flies used) for the different substrate types. Rearing media of 2nd/3rd and 4th/pupa (bolded) induced highest attraction

From: Attraction and oviposition preferences of Phlebotomus papatasi (Diptera: Psychodidae), vector of Old-World cutaneous leishmaniasis, to larval rearing media

Substrate No. flies Treatment Middle Control OAI % response P
aControl 20 4.33 (0.31) 11.42 (0.57) 4.25 (0.51) 0.04 (0.07) 43 (2.8) 0.600
RF 20 4.9 (0.18) 12.4 (0.34) 2.7 (0.3) 0.30 (0.06) 38 (17) 0.002
LF 20 6.4 (0.54) 9.5 (0.73) 4.2 (0.29) 0.20 (0.03) 53 (3.8) 0.028
2 nd /3 rd 20 7.2 (0.63) 10.9 (0.57) 1.9 (0.23) 0.56 (0.06) 46 (2.8) <0.0001
4 th /pupae 20 6.2 (0.61) 11.3 (0.7) 2.5 (0.17) 0.41 (0.04) 44 (3.3) <0.0001
Expired 20 4.6 (0.31) 11.9 (0.43) 3.4 (0.34) 0.18 (0.04) 40 (2.1) 0.084
  1. aThe right chamber of the olfactometer was assigned as “treatment” and left chamber as “control”, but both received water-only