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Table 9 Summary of fitness cost related to temephos resistance in Aedes aegypti laboratory and field populations

From: Fitness cost in field and laboratory Aedes aegypti populations associated with resistance to the insecticide temephos

Analyzed parameters RecReva RecRNEx RecR Arcoverde
Mean larval development time (days) 7.5 ± 2.4 = = >
Mean egg-adult development time (days) 11.2 ± 5.2 = = >
Time (min - max) for obtaining adults (days) 11 to 18 > > >
Mortality at the juvenile stage (larvae and pupae) 3.7 % > > >
Size of the females - morphometrics of the wings (pixels) 9.0 × 1016 < < =
Total energy value/female (lipids and carbohydrates) (J) 3.5 < < =
Lipid reserve (μg) 71.66 ± 4.94 < < =
Fecundity (eggs/female) 205.4 ± 120 < < <
Fertility (L1/eggs/female) 175.5 ± 120 < < <
Ro (net reproduction rate) 45.8 < < <
T (generation time) 3.5 < < <
rm (intrinsic rate of natural increase) 1.1 = < <
λ (finite rate of increase) 3.0 < < <
DT (doubling time of individuals) 0.63 > > >
Egg viability (180 days of quiescence) >70 % = = =
Sex ratio (male/female) 1/1 = = =
Reproductive inviability (group of 50 females) 12.0 % > > >
Female longevity (days) 39 ± 18.0 < < =
Activity of metabolic enzymes Unaltered Altered Altered Altered
Number of parameters ≠ of RecRev NA 13 15 13
  1. RecRev (susceptible), RecRNEx (resistant non-exposed), RecR (resistant exposed), and Arcoverde (resistant field). a Reference susceptible laboratory population used in the fitness cost tests. The mean values were plotted for each variable studied; NA - not applicable