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Table 3 Clinical pathology of tungiasis in pigs and dogs

From: Tungiasis-associated morbidity in pigs and dogs in endemic villages of Uganda

Clinical pathology Number affected Percentage (%)
Pigs (n = 121)
Pain on digital pressure at affected site 58 47.9
Hyperemia 52 43.0
Edema (around lesions or entire digit) 54 44.6
Skin ulcers 38 31.4
Fissures 54 44.6
Necrosis and sloughing of skin or hoof wall 80 66.1
Hyperkeratosis 28 23.1
Loosening/detachment of digital and/or accessory claws 2 1.7
Loss of dew claws 1 0.8
Hoof wall erosion 83 68.6
Deformity 55 45.5
 Overgrowth and lateral deviation of dew claws 21 17.4
 Principal digital hoof overgrowth and lateral deviation 2 1.7
 Hoof wall corrugations and roughening 48 39.7
Demelanisation 1 0.8
Anaemia 5 4.1
Dogs (n = 20)
Pain on digital pressure at affected site 16 80
Hyperemia 3 15
Edema 3 15
Ulcers 11 55
Necrosis and sloughing of skin 6 30
Hyperkeratosis 1 5