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Table 1 Data on Culex pipiens populations and results of RFLP analysis of 5′COI gene

From: Genetic diversity of Culex pipiens mosquitoes in distinct populations from Europe: contribution of Cx. quinquefasciatus in Mediterranean populations

Origin (Country and locality) COI type Map legend (Fig. 3) Coordinates latitude/longitude Stage of development, sampling site Cx. pipiens taxa Number Supplied by COI type reference
Russia, Moscow region (Iksha, Luzki) A/B/C 1 56°09′N 37°31′ E larvae, rural, above ground Cx. pipiens f. pipiens* 47 M. Fedorova [38]
Russia, N. Novgorod region A/B/C 2 55°02′N 43°15′E larvae, rural, above ground Cx. pipiensf. pipiens 10 E. Vinogradova [38]
Russia, Krasnodar A/B/C 3 45°02′N 38°58′E larvae, suburban, above ground Cx. pipiensf. pipiens 28 E. Vinogradova [38]
Russia, Volgograd (Liteishik,Sarpinsky) A/B/C 4 48°42′N 44°31′E larvae, rural, above ground Cx. pipiensf. pipiens* 20 M. Fedorova [38]
Russia, North Kaukas A/B/C 5 43°29′N 43°37′E larvae, suburban, above ground Cx. pipiensf. pipiens 28 E. Vinogradova [38]
Germany, Hannover A/B/C 6 52°22′N 09°43′E larvae, urban, above ground Cx. pipiensf. pipiens 17 E. Shaikevich This study
Germany, Berlin A/B/C 7 52°31′N 13°23′E larvae, urban, above ground Cx. pipiensf. pipiens 9 E. Shaikevich This study
France, Prades-le-Lez1 A/B/C 8 43°42′N 03°52′ E larvae, above ground hybrida 17 O. Duron This study
France, Prades-le-Lez2 A/B/C 9 43°42′N 03°52′ E larvae, above ground hybrida 22 O. Duron This study
France, St-Nazaire de Pezan A/B/C 10 43°38′N 04°08′ E larvae, above ground hybrida 12§ O. Duron This study
France,T7 strain,Montpellier A/B/C 11 43 36′N 03°52′E larvae, lab culture Cx. pipiensf. molestus 11 O. Duron This study
Morocco, Casablanca A/B/C 12 33°32′N 07°35′W imago, suburban, above ground hybrida 2 A.- B. Failloux This study
Russia, Moscow D 13 55°45′N 37°37′E larvae, urban, underground Cx. pipiensf. molestus* 21 M. Fedorova [38]
Russia, St-Petersburg D 14 59°57′N 30°18′E larvae, urban, underground Cx. pipiensf. molestus* 22 E. Vinogradova [38]
Russia, N. Novgorod D 15 56°20′N 44°00′E larvae, urban, underground Cx. pipiensf. molestus* 10 E. Vinogradova [38]
Russia, Krasnodar D 16 45°02′N 38°58′E larvae, urban, above ground Cx. pipiensf. molestus* 52 E. Vinogradova [38]
Russia, Tomsk D 17 56°30′N 84°58′E larvae, urban, underground Cx. pipiensf. molestus 10 A.Sibataev [38]
Russia, Ekaterinburg D 18 56°53′N 60°35′E larvae, urban, underground Cx. pipiensf. molestus 24 N.Nikolaeva [38]
Russia, Petrozavodsk D 19 62°47′ N 34°20′E larvae, urban, underground Cx. pipiensf. molestus* 10 S.Karpova [38]
Russia, Volgograd D 20 48°42′N 44°31′E larvae, urban, underground Cx. pipiensf. molestus* 30 M. Fedorova [38]
Russia, Vladikavkaz D 21 43°01′N 44°39′E larvae, urban, underground Cx. pipiensf. molestus 1 E. Vinogradova [38]
Germany, Berlin D 22 52°31′N 13°23′E imago, urban, indoor space Cx. pipiensf. molestus 4 E. Shaikevich This study
Germany, Hannover D 23 52°22′N 9°43′E imago, urban, indoor space Cx. pipiens f. molestus 1 E. Shaikevich This study
Italy, Piedmont (Frugarolo, Tortona) D 24 44°54′ N 8°37′ E imago and larvae, urban, above ground hybrida 18¥ A. Talbalaghi [39]
Tunisia, Nefza D 25 37°06′N 9°11′E imago and larvae, above ground hybrida 16† A. Bouattour This study
Tunisia, Tabarka D 26 36°57′N 8°45′E imago and larvae, above ground hybrida 12† A. Bouattour This study
Morocco, Casablanca D 27 33°32′N 7°35′W imago, suburban, above ground hybrida 1 A.- B. Failloux This study
India, Hydarabad E/E1 28 17°8′ N 78° 31′ E larvae, lab culture Cx. quinquefasciatus 20 E. Vinogradova This study
India, Pondicherry E/E1 29 12°25′ N 80°41′ E larvae, lab culture Cx. quinquefasciatus 23 E. Vinogradova This study
Portugal, Comporta E/E1 30 38°22′ N 8°46′ W imago, above ground Cx. pipiensf. pipiens 6 P. Almeida This study
Portugal, Comporta E/E1 30 38°22′ N 8°46′ W imago, above ground Cx. pipiensf. molestus* 14 P. Almeida This study
Italy, Viterbo E/E1 31 42°23′ N 12°7′ E larvae, urban, above ground Cx. pipiens s.l. 15 E. Vinogradova This study
Israel, Haifa E/E1 32 32° 49′N34° 57′E imago, urban, indoor space Cx. pipiens s.l. 7 E. Shaikevich This study
Morocco, Tanger E/E1 33 35° 46′ N 5° 48′ W imago, urban, above ground pip/quin hybridb 13 A.- B. Failloux This study
Greece, Cyprus E/E1 34 34°46′N 32°25′E imago, urban, indoor space hybrida E. Vinogradova This study
Greece, Kos E/E1 35 36°49′N 27°06′E imago, urban, indoor space pip/quin hybridb 24 E. Vinogradova [13]
      Total 580   
  1. Cx. pipiens s.l. correspopnds to unknown taxa discrimination
  2. *-expression of autogeny was studied, hybrida – pipiens/molestus hybrid populations according to CQ11 assay, pip/quin hybridb - according to ACE2 assay see Table 4
  3. § - 1 with unknown status; ¥ - 6 with unknown status; † − 3 with unknown status