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Table 2 Trypanosoma cruzi infection among captive primates kept at Brasília zoo, Federal District, Brazil: primate characteristics and quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) results

From: Vector-borne transmission of Trypanosoma cruzi among captive Neotropical primates in a Brazilian zoo

Number Species Origin State Year of birth or arrival at ZooB qPCRa
First Second
1 Alouatta seniculus IBAMA AC 2010 0.000 ND
2 Aotus nigriceps b Born at ZooB DF 2010 0.003 0.001
3 Aotus nigriceps b Born at ZooB DF 2012 1.051 0.002
4 Aotus nigriceps IBAMA AC 2006 0.000 0.000
5 Aotus nigriceps b Born at ZooB DF 2009 0.000 0.000
6 Aotus nigriceps ND ND 2007 0.000 0.000
7 Callicebus cupreus AIPU MA 2006 0.000 0.000
8 Callithrix geoffroyi Jequitinhonha MG 2010 0.000 0.012
9 Callithrix penicillata IBAMA DF 2012 0.039 ND
10 Callithrix penicillata IBAMA DF 2008 0.025 0.001
11 Callithrix penicillata IBAMA ND 2008 0.029 Dead
12 Callithrix penicillata IBAMA DF 2012 ND 0.105
13 Callithrix penicillata IBAMA DF 2012 0.000 0.000
14 Leontopithecus chrysomelas AIPU MA 2006 0.016 ND
15 Leontopithecus chrysomelas ND ND 2007 0.000 0.000
16 Leontopithecus chrysomelas Born at ZooB DF 1999 0.006 ND
17 Leontopithecus chrysomelas c Born at ZooB DF 2008 0.214 ND
18 Leontopithecus chrysomelas d Born at ZooB DF 2013 ND 0.007
19 Leontopithecus rosalia AIPU MA 2010 0.000 0.000
20 Mico chrysoleucus IBAMA AM 2008 0.025 17.000
21 Mico argentatus e AIPU MA 2007 0.010 0.006
22 Pithecia irrorata BH zoo MG 2012 0.073 0.003
23 Saguinus imperator AIPU MA 2008 0.000 0.000
24 Saguinus niger AIPU MA 2007 0.003 0.018
25 Saguinus niger ND PA 2008 0.042 0.001
26 Saguinus niger AIPU MA 2006 4.000 Dead
  1. a:Parasite equivalents/100 ng DNA; First and Second qPCRs were carried out ~24 months apart. b:Born to qPCR-negative mothers (# 4 and 6). c:Born to qPCR-positive mother (# 16). d:Born to qPCR-negative mother (#15). e:Died in 2015. IBAMA Instituto Brasileiro do Meio Ambiente e Recursos Renováveis, ZooB Brasília zoo, AIPU Ararajuba do Ipê primate unit; BH, Belo Horizonte
  2. Brazilian states: AC Acre, AM Amazonas, DF Distrito Federal, MA Maranhão, MG Minas Gerais, PA Pará. ND no data/not done