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Table 2 Factors associated with prevalence of Enterocytozoon bieneusi in farmed foxes in northern China

From: Prevalence, risk factors and multilocus genotyping of Enterocytozoon bieneusi in farmed foxes (Vulpes lagopus), Northern China

Factor Category No. tested No. positive % (95 % CI) OR (95 % CI) P-value
Region Jilin Province 91 6 6.10 (0.92–11.28) Reference 0.02
Heilongjiang Province 70 6 8.57 (2.01–15.13) 1.33 (0.41–4.31)
Hebei Province 141 25 17.73 (11.43–24.04) 3.05 (1.20–7.77)
Farming mode Indoor 156 9 5.77 (2.11–9.43) Reference <0.0001
Outdoor 146 38 26.03 (18.91–33.15) 5.75 (2.67–12.39)
Gender Male 139 16 11.51 (6.21–16.82) Reference 0.72
Female 163 21 12.88 (7.74–18.03) 1.14 (0.57–2.28)
Age Pre-weaned 64 6 9.38 (2.23–16.52) Reference 0.39
Young 180 21 11.67 (6.98–16.36) 1.28 (0.49–3.32)
Adult 58 10 17.24 (7.52–26.96) 2.01 (0.68–5.94)
Total   302 37 12.25 (8.55–15.95)