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Table 2 Traits and tick-infestation of most important bird species in this study (of which at least eight tick-infested individuals were captured or at least 10 ticks were collected between March 2012 and November 2014)

From: Bird ticks in Hungary reflect western, southern, eastern flyway connections and two genetic lineages of Ixodes frontalis and Haemaphysalis concinna

Bird species characteristics t/n Cumulative number of tick specimens
I. ricinus H. concinna I. fr. I. fe. H. r.
Speciesa Feeding Migration Weight (g) n L N L N L/N/F F N
ACR PAL ARBOREAL long 10–17 53 2.1 39 41 18 14 - - -
ACR SCH   10–13 30 2.6 3 10 10 56 - - -
ACR SCI   9–12 70 1.8 29 45 18 36 - - -
LOC LUS   14–17 92 4.9 1 7 206 236 - - -
LOC NAE   13–16 2 11 - - 18 4 - - -
PHY COL middle 6–11 8 1.4 5 6 - - - - -
SYL ATR   16–25 69 1.7 45 39 7 22 -/1/- - -
CAR CHL short 25–35 30 1.7 1 47 - 1 -/-/1 1 -
COC COC   46–80 11 2.4 - 25 1 1 - - -
EMB CIT local 27–30 2 20 - - 38 2 - - -
EMB SCH   27–30 2 8.5 3 - 2 12 - - -
PAR MAJ    16–22 81 1.8 49 88 2 1 1/-/1 - -
LUS LUS GROUND long 24–38 10 4.2 40 2 - - - - -
LUS MEG   17–28 24 4 61 17 18 1 - - -
SYL COM   13–20 12 1.1 5 8 - - - - 3
TUR ILI   55–75 3 6.5 2 12 - - - - -
ERI RUB short 16–22 318 2.3 469 195 27 5 22/15/1 - -
PRU MOD   16–25 67 3.1 24 173 3 4 - 1 -
TRO TRO   7–12 13 1.8 15 8 - - - - -
TUR MER   80–140 149 4.6 137 421 47 73 - - -
TUR PHI   65–95 56 4.5 49 118 31 50 5/1/- - -
  1. Bold numbers indicate weight of bird species in the larger body weight category. The cumulative number of tick specimen refers to the number of larvae, nymphs or female ticks collected from all individuals of the relevant bird species during the study period
  2. Abbreviations: n number of tick-infested individuals, t/n mean intensity of tick infestation (number of all ticks divided by the number of all tick-infested birds), L larva, N nymph, F female, I. fr. - Ixodes frontalis; I. fe. - Ixodes festai; H. r. - Hyalomma rufipes
  3. aACR = Acrocephalus palustris, ACR SCH = A. schoenobaenus, ACR SCI = A. scirpaceus, LOC LUS = Locustella luscinioides, LOC NAE = L. naevia, PHY COL = Phylloscopus collibita, SYL ATR = Sylvia atricapilla, CAR CHL = Carduelis chloris, COC COC = Coccothraustes coccothraustes, EMB CIT = Emberiza citrinella, EMB SCH = E. schoeniclus, PAR MAJ = Parus major, LUS LUS = Luscinia luscinia, LUS MEG = L. megarhynchos, SYL COM = S. communis, TUR ILI = Turdus iliacus, ERI RUB = Erithacus rubecula, PRU MOD = Prunella modularis, TRO TRO = Troglodytes troglodytes, TUR MER = T. merula, TUR PHI = T. philomelos