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Fig. 5 | Parasites & Vectors

Fig. 5

From: Spatio-temporal genetic variation of the biting midge vector species Culicoides imicola (Ceratopogonidae) Kieffer in France

Fig. 5

Population genetic structure results of Culicoides imicola. a Genetic clustering of C. imicola samples. Each vertical line represents an individual and each colour represents a cluster. b Microsatellite neighbor-joining tree based on genetic distance of Cavalli-Sforza & Edwards (1967). Bootstrap values are calculated over 1,000 replicates (only values > 50 % are shown). c Principal Component Analysis based on microsatellite allelic frequencies

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