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Table 2 Mosquito taxa recorded in the study area of the Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve (Romania) during the sampling period in 2014 and the host preference determining the possibility to be a potential bridge vector of West Nile virus

From: Pilot longitudinal mosquito surveillance study in the Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve and the first reports of Anopheles algeriensis Theobald, 1903 and Aedes hungaricus Mihályi, 1955 for Romania

Taxa Involved in West Nile virus transmission elsewhere Ornithophilic (bird-biting) Anthropophilic (human-biting) Potential bridge vector (readily bites both birds and humans) Source for classification
Coquilettidia richiardii (Ficalbi, 1889) yes yes yes yes [44]
Anopheles hyrcanus (Pallas, 1771) yes no yes no [14]
Culex pipiens Linnaeus, 1758 (s.l.) /Cx. torrentium (Martini, 1925)a (yes)c (yes)c (yes)c yes [44]
Aedes caspius (Pallas, 1771) yes no yes no [44]
Culex modestus Ficalbi, 1890 yes yes yes yes [44]
Anopheles maculipennis Meigen, 1818 (s.l.)b yes no yes no [44]
Aedes vexans (Meigen, 1830) yes no yes no [44]
Unidentified - - - unclassified -
Anopheles algeriensis Theobald, 1903 no no yes no [44]
Aedes sp. - - - unclassified -
Aedes detritus (Haliday, 1833) no yes yes yes [44]
Culex sp. - - - unclassified -
Aedes flavescens (Müller, 1764) no no yes no [44]
Aedes hungaricus Mihályi, 1955 no no yes no [14]
Aedes cinereus Meigen, 1818 yes yes yes yes [44]
Culiseta annulata (Schrank, 1776) no yes yes yes [44]
Uranotaenia unguiculata Edwards, 1913 yes no no no [14, 45]
  1. aSelected specimens were identified as Culex pipiens Linnaeus, 1758 (s.l.) and Culex pipiens pipiens Linnaeus, 1758 by DNA-barcoding (Fig. 5), bselected specimens were identified as Anopheles messeae Falleroni, 1926 by DNA-barcoding (Fig. 5), c Culex pipiens (s.l.) and Cx. torrentium were not differentiated for most of the collected specimens