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Table 2 Abundance of black flies, frequency of occurrence (FO) and stream occurrence (SO) from 24 collections at 18 fixed-streams in Peninsular Malaysia

From: Distribution pattern of black fly (Diptera: Simuliidae) assemblages along an altitudinal gradient in Peninsular Malaysia

Species Number of specimens % %
FO SO
S. (Gomphostilbia) adleri Jitklang & Kuvangkadilok, 2008 3 0.7 5.6
S. (Gomphostilbia) angulistylum Takaoka & Davies, 1995 347 14.8 55.6
S. (Gomphostilbia) asakoae Takaoka & Davies, 1995 837 7.6 55.6
S. (Gomphostilbia) brinchangense Takaoka et al., 2014 11 0.7 11.1
S. (Gomphostilbia) burtoni Takaoka & Davies, 1995 19 3.0 16.7
S. (Gomphostilbia) cheongi Takaoka & Davies, 1995 12 2.3 22.2
S. (Gomphostilbia) decuplum Takaoka & Davies, 1995 176 15.5 61.1
S. (Gomphostilbia) duolongum Takaoka & Davies, 1995 3 0.7 11.1
S. (Gomphostilbia) gombakense Takaoka & Davies, 1995 117 10.0 50.0
S. (Gomphostilbia) izuae Takaoka et al., 2013 333 11.8 55.6
S. (Gomphostilbia) longitruncum Takaoka & Davies, 1995 1 0.2 5.6
S. (Gomphostilbia) lurauense Takaoka et al., 2013 26 3.2 33.3
S. (Gomphostilbia) roslihashimi Takaoka & Sofian-Azirun, 2011 112 9.3 55.6
S. (Gomphostilbia) sheilae Takaoka & Davies, 1995 120 4.4 44.4
S. (Gomphostilbia) sofiani Takaoka & Hashim, 2011 31 3.2 16.7
S. (Gomphostilbia) sp. (nr. parahiyangum)a 54 6.5 38.9
S. (Gomphostilbia) tanahrataense Takaoka et al., 2014 1 0.2 5.6
S. (Gomphostilbia) trangense Jitklang et al., 2008 312 6.7 38.9
S. (Gomphostilbia) whartoni Takaoka & Davies, 1995 709 21.5 77.8
S. (Nevermannia) aureohirtum Brunetti, 1911 103 4.9 27.8
S. (Nevermannia) caudisclerum Takaoka & Davies, 1995 17 0.7 5.6
S. (Nevermannia) sp. (nr. feuerborni) a 688 16.2 44.4
S. (Nevermannia) kurtaki Takaoka & Davies, 1995 1 0.2 5.6
S. (Simulium) bishopi Takaoka & Davies, 1995 305 13.2 77.8
S. (Simulium) brevipar Takaoka & Davies, 1995 122 10.6 77.8
S. (Simulium) digrammicum Edwards, 1928 1 0.2 5.6
S. (Simulium) grossifilum Takaoka & Davies, 1995 106 8.3 50.0
S. (Simulium) hackeri Edwards, 1928 96 3.7 11.1
S. (Simulium) hirtinervis Edwards, 1928 63 3.0 33.3
S. (Simulium) jeffreyi Takaoka & Davies, 1995 442 8.3 11.1
S. (Simulium) malayense Takaoka & Davies, 1995 188 8.6 38.9
S. (Simulium) nobile De Meijere, 1907 42 1.6 5.6
S. (Simulium) sp. (nr. grisescens)a 7 0.2 5.6
S. (Simulium) tani Takaoka & Davies, 1995 2669 31.7 66.7
S. (Simulium) yongi Takaoka & Davies, 1997 11 1.9 16.7
  1. aUndetermined species, which probably are new species