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Table 4 Practice of household heads about ownership and utilization of LLINs

From: Knowledge, attitudes and practice of communities of Wolaita, Southern Ethiopia about long-lasting insecticidal nets and evaluation of net fabric integrity and insecticidal activity

Variables (n = 770) No. (%) Associations
Responses Age Sex Education Site
(χ 2, P-value) (χ 2, P-value) (χ 2, P-value) (χ 2, P-value)
Receipt of LLIN(s) during previous distribution
 Yes 677 (87.9) (18.047, 0.260) (36.580, < 0.0001) (8.413, 0. 078) (2.691E2, < 0.0001)
 No 93 (12.1)
Training about utilization of LLINs
 Yes 722 (93.8) (30.736, 0.010) (2.406, 0.121) (3.953, 0.412) (18.797, 0.005)
 No 48 (6.2)
Possession of LLINs at the time of interview
 Yes 630 (81.8) (12.823, 0.616) (0.498, 0.480) (13.392, 0.010) (1.303E2, < 0.0001)
 No 140 (18.2)
Frequent sleeping under LLIN
 Yes 593 (77.0) (18.920, 0.217) (12.351, < 0.0001) (20.560, < 0.0001) (1.740E2, < 0.0001)
 No 177 (23.0)
Season of frequent sleeping under LLINs
 All year round 665 (86.4) (35.970, 0.830) (10.853, 0.013) (17.635, 0.127) (93.691, < 0.0001)
 Rainy season only 80 (10.4)
 Dry season only 6 (0.8)
 Do not know 19 (2.5)
Utilizing LLINs for non intended purposes
 Yes 201 (26.1) (13.516, 0.563) (26.031, < 0.0001) (13.655, 0.008) (1.398E2, < 0.0001)
 No 569 (73.9)
Time of hanging LLIN
 Every night 409 (53.1) (41.625, 0.077) (16.733, < 0.0001) (15.305, 0.053) (1.151E2, < 0.0001)
 Remains hanged day and night 351 (45.6)
 When the weather is cold 10 (1.3)
Tucking the net into the sleeping material
 Yes 694 (90.1) (20.945, 0.139) (2.838, 0.092) (16.798, 0.002) (45.665, < 0.0001)
 No 76 (9.9)
Training on how to wash LLINs
 Yes 563 (73.1) (17.546, 0.287) (18.106, < 0.0001) (2.026, 0.731) (69.177, < 0.0001)
 No 207 (26.9)
Washing the LLIN(s)
 Yes 694 (90.1) (33.285, 0.004) (2.245, 0.134) (1.257, 0.869) (38.512, < 0.0001)
 No 76 (9.9)
Frequency of washing LLINs
 Every week 85 (11.0) (37.808, 0.155) (2.650, 0.266) (18.007, 0.021) (1.237E2, < 0.0001)
 Every month 221 (28.7)
 Every three-six months 464 (60.3)
Type of soap used for washing the LLNs
 None 21 (2.7) (50.334, 0.011) (7.090, 0.029) (22.848, 0.004) (1.483E2, < 0.0001)
 Bar soap from local market 638 (82.9)
 Powder soap from local market 111 (14.4)
Time interval of soaking LLINs while washing
 None 332 (43.1) (44.255, 0.045) (32.448, < 0.0001) (9.446, 0.306) (2.704E2, < 0.0001)
 For < 1 h 426 (55.3)
 For > 1 h 12 (1.6)
Scrubbing the net on hard surfaces while washing?
 Yes 452 (58.7) (21.163, 0.132) (6.066, 0.014) (3.970, 0.410) (68.163, < 0.0001)
 No 318 (41.3)
Squeezing the net after washing      
 Yes 362 (47.0) (12.603, 0.633) (1.792, 0.181) (2.443, 0.655) (28.882, < 0.0001)
 No 408 (53.0)
Place of drying LLINs after washing
 Outdoor (sun drying) 340 (44.2) (24.416, 0.753) (25.300, < 0.0001) (5.678, 0.683) (1.809E2, < 0.0001)
 Outdoor (dry under shade) 414 (53.8)
 Indoor 16 (2.1)