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Table 1 Concentrations of ten insecticides used to expose Lu. longipalpis and P. papatasi sand flies

From: Diagnostic doses and times for Phlebotomus papatasi and Lutzomyia longipalpis sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae: Phlebotominae) using the CDC bottle bioassay to assess insecticide resistance

Insecticide (Insecticide classa) Species Concentration (μg insecticide/bottle)
Cypermethrin (PYR) Lu. longipalpis 5.0, 10.0, 15.0, 20.0
P. papatasi 20.0, 25.0, 30.0, 35.0, 40.0, 45.0, 50.0, 55.0, 60.0, 65.0, 70.0, 75.0, 90.0, 95.0
Deltamethrin (PYR) Lu. longipalpis 5.0, 10.0, 15.0, 20.0, 25.0, 30.0, 35.0, 40.0, 45.0, 50.0, 75.0, 100.0
P. papatasi 5.0, 10.0, 15.0, 20.0, 25.0, 30.0, 35.0, 40.0, 50.0, 75.0, 100.0
λ-Cyhalothrin (PYR) Lu. longipalpis 1.0, 2.0, 3.0, 4.0, 10.0, 20.0, 30.0, 40.0
P. papatasi 1.0, 2.0, 3.0, 4.0, 5.0, 6.0, 7.0, 10.0, 20.0, 30.0, 40.0
Permethrin (PYR) Lu. longipalpis 5.0, 10.0, 12.5, 15.0, 20.0
P. papatasi 10.0, 20.0, 25.0, 30.0, 35.0, 40.0, 45.0, 50.0
Chlorpyrifos (OP) Lu. longipalpis 5.0, 10.0, 15.0, 20.0, 25.0, 30.0
P. papatasi 20.0, 25.0, 30.0, 35.0, 40.0, 45.0
Fenitrothion (OP) Lu. longipalpis 2.0, 4.0, 6.0, 8.0, 10.0, 12.0, 14.0, 16.0, 18.0, 20.0, 22.0, 24.0, 26.0, 28.0, 30.0, 32.0
P. papatasi 5.0, 10.0, 15.0, 20.0, 25.0, 30.0, 35.0, 40.0, 45.0
Malathion (OP) Lu. longipalpis 5.0, 10.0, 15.0, 20.0, 25.0, 30.0, 35.0, 40.0, 45.0
P. papatasi 50.0, 75.0, 100.0, 125.0, 130.0, 135.0, 140.0, 145.0
Bendiocarb (CX) Lu. longipalpis 1.0, 2.0, 3.0, 4.0, 5.0, 6.0, 7.0, 8.0
P. papatasi 1.0, 2.0, 3.0, 4.0, 5.0, 6.0,
Propoxur (CX) Lu. longipalpis 1.0, 2.0, 3.0, 4.0, 10.0
P. papatasi 1.0, 2.0, 3.0, 7.0, 15.0
DDT (OC) Lu. longipalpis 2.5, 5.0, 7.5, 10.0, 15.0, 20.0, 50.0, 100.0, 150.0, 200.0, 250.0, 300.0, 350.0, 400.0, 450.0, 500.0, 550.0, 600.0, 630.0, 635.0, 640.0, 645.0, 650.0, 700.0
P. papatasi 2.5, 5.0, 7.5, 10.0, 50.0, 100.0, 150.0, 200.0, 350.0, 400.0, 450.0, 455.0, 460.0, 465.0, 470.0, 480.0, 490.0, 500.0, 550.0
  1. aPYR, pyrethroid; OP, organophosphate; CX, carbamate; OC, organochlorine