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Table 3 Analysis of historical demography. Variation of estimated demographic parameters based on mitochondrial COI and COII sequence data of 15 populations of An. sinensis

From: Landscape genetic structure and evolutionary genetics of insecticide resistance gene mutations in Anopheles sinensis

Population N Tajima’s D Fu’s Fs SSD r R2 τ Time (ky)
Southwest
 YNLH 22 −0.51 −3.69 0.018 0.022 0.1014 5.027 144
 YNNE 21 0.17 −1.28 0.016 0.031 0.1325 5.178 148
 SCNJ 20 −1.39 −9.27** 0.004 0.008 0.0717** 5.392 154
South
 GXBS 21 −1.56* −9.83** 0.007 0.015 0.0719* 7.85 225
 GZLD 20 −1.1 −8.24** 0.005 0.009 0.0827* 5.622 161
 GZCJ 18 −1.45 −9.65** 0.077 0.01 0.0683** 5.877 168
 GXLZ 18 −1.28 −11.78** 0.011 0.015 0.0764* 6.232 178
 HNBT 12 −1.07 −4.53* 0.005 0.012 0.0872** 8.249 236
 GDQY 19 −1.17 −7.90** 0.007 0.01 0.0838* 7.452 213
 FJXM 21 −1.4 −7.03** 0.012 0.023 0.0663** 6.844 196
Central         
 HBWX 20 −1.67* −11.93** 0.007 0.019 0.0564** 6.03 173
 HNXY 21 −1.67* −13.59** 0.004 0.007 0.0652** 5.726 164
 JSSN 24 −1.46 −18.64** 0.004 0.008 0.0613** 6.477 185
 AHWH 17 −1.62* −9.60** 0.037 0.015 0.0672** 6.113 175
 SDHZ 18 −1.83* −11.96** 0.003 0.005 0.0621** 4.841 139
  1. N number of samples analysed, SSD the sum of squared deviations, R2 Ramos-Onsins & Rozas’s R2, r Harpending’s raggedness index, τ estimated parameter of population expansion assuming the stepwise growth model (τ = 2 t*MU where t = time in years, MU = mutation rate per locus)
  2. *P < 0.05; **P < 0.01 (FDR < 0.02)