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Table 2 Demographic and clinical characteristics of cats infected with Borrelia persica included in the study

From: Borrelia persica infection in dogs and cats: clinical manifestations, clinicopathological findings and genetic characterization

Cat number (sample ID) 1 (6812) 2 (42798) 3 (9727) 4 (213813) 5 (8738)
Location Kfar Adumim Jerusalem Arad Matzuba Kfar Oranim
Year of diagnosis 2003 2003 2010 2012 2015
Outdoor access + + + + +; stray
Sex; age in years F; 2 M; 1 Male; ND F; 7.5 F; 1
Fever - 39.8 °C
Lethargy + + + + ND
Anorexia + + + + ND
Pale mucous membranes + + +
Icterus + + -
Anemia + + + + +
Hematocrit L/L 0.208 0.116 0.113 0.109 0.270
MCV fL 40.5 42.1 31.2 39.3 ND
MCHC g/L 336 288 389 390 ND
Leukocytosis; WBC number × 109/L –; 11.6 –; 5.86 +; 33.88 +; 21.33 -; Est WNL
Thrombocytopenia; PLT number × 109/L +; 35 +; 119 –; 227 +; 71 +; Est low
Co-infection: PCR for hemotrophic Mycoplasma spp. Serology FeLV; FIV - -
(–; –) (–; –) ND (-; +) (-; -)
Antibiotic treatment amoxicillin/clavulanic acid amoxicillin/clavulanic acid long acting tetracycline and amoxicillin/clavulanic acid doxycycline doxycycline
Survival and response to treatment survived; spirochetemia not evident one day after treatment initiation died one day after treatment initiation survived survived; clinical improvement reported 12 h after initial doxycycline; clinical recovery in 4 days survived; recovered clinically and no spirocehtemia evident on follow-up 21 days after treatment initiation
  1. ND not determined, Est estimated from blood smear, WNL within normal limits; Hematocrit, reference range 0.277–0.468 L/L; MCV mean cell volume, range 41–53 fL; MCHC mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration, range 270–330 g/L; WBC white blood cells, range 6.3–19.6 × 109/l; PLT: platelets, range 156–626 × 109/l