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Table 3 Identification of common parasitic diseases by owners of dogs and cats

From: Parasitic zoonoses associated with dogs and cats: a survey of Portuguese pet owners’ awareness and deworming practices

Variable/category Percentage (n) of positive responses – “Have you ever heard of?”
Ancylostomatosis Ascaridiosis Cryptosporidiosis Dipylidiosis Dirofilariosis Tick fever Giardiosis Hydatidosis Leishmaniosis Onchocercosis Mange Thelaziosis Toxoplasmosis
Parish P = 1.0 P = 0.816 P = 0.610 P = 0.652 P = 0.911 P = 0.902 P = 1.0 P = 0.945 P = 0.003 P = 0.954 P = 0.747 P = 0.245 P = 0.969
 Rural 12.9 (23) 89.9 (160) 11.9 (21) 13.3 (23) 48.5 (82) 98.3 (175) 24.7 (44) 40.1 (71) 85.9 (152) 11.9 (21) 98.3 (175) 8.4 (15) 69.1 (123)
 Non-rural 13.0 (46) 90.9 (321) 13.9 (49) 15.2 (51) 49.5 (153) 98.9 (349) 24.6 (87) 39.4 (139) 94.1 (332) 12.5 (44) 97.5 (344) 12.2 (43) 69.7 (246)
Total 13.0 (69) 90.6 (481) 13.2 (70) 14.6 (74) 49.2 (235) 98.7 (524) 24.7 (131) 39.6 (210) 91.3 (484) 12.3 (65) 97.7 (519) 10.9 (58) 69.5 (369)
Schooling (degree) P < 0.001 P = 0.076 P < 0.001 P = 0.624 P = 0.242 P = 0.225 P < 0.001 P < 0.001 P < 0.001 P < 0.001 P = 0.040* P < 0.001 P < 0.001
 Basic 10.4 (5) 89.6 (43) 4.2 (2)b 17.0 (8) 37.8 (17) 97.9 (47) 14.6 (7)d 22.9 (11)f 70.8 (34)h,i 4.2 (2) 95.8 (46) 10.4 (5) 43.8 (21)m
 Intermediate 3.3 (6)a 87.2 (157) 3.9 (7)c 15.8 (27) 50.6 (81) 100 (180) 12.8 (23)e 28.5 (51)g 89.4 (160)h,j 7.3 (13)k 96.1 (173) 2.2 (5)l 57.8 (104)n
 Academic 20.2 (58)a 93.4 (268) 21.7 (62)b,c 13.0 (36) 51.2 (132) 99.3 (285) 34.5 (99)d,e 50.5 (145)f,g 95.8 (275)I,j 18.5 (53)k 99.3 (285) 17.1 (49)l 82.6 (237)m,n
Total 13.4 (69) 90.9 (468) 13.8 (71) 14.4 (71) 49.7 (230) 99.4 (512) 25.0 (129) 40.3 (207) 91.2 (469) 13.2 (68) 97.9 (504) 11.3 (58) 70.3 (362)
  1. Bonferroni correction (i.e. multiplying each P value by 3) has been incorporated between schooling categories, and only statistically significant differences are shown; a P < 0.001; b P = 0.024; c P < 0.001; d P = 0.030; e P < 0.001; f P = 0.003; g P < 0.001; h P = 0.009; i P < 0.001; j P = 0.036; k P = 0.003; l P < 0.001; m P < 0.001; n P = 0.024; *Statistically significant difference(s) not confirmed after pairwise comparisons