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Table 5 Endoparasiticides and ectoparasiticides used in/on dogs and cats

From: Parasitic zoonoses associated with dogs and cats: a survey of Portuguese pet owners’ awareness and deworming practices

Product Dogs Cats
No. (%) No. (%)
Endoparasiticides 545 220
 Emodepside + praziquantel 41 (7.5) 8 (3.6)
 Emodepside + toltrazuril 5 (0.9) 0 (0)
 Eprinomectin + fipronil + praziquantel + s-methoprene 2 (0.4)a 9 (4.1)
 Epsirantel + pyrantel 3 (0.6) 7 (3.2)
 Febantel + praziquantel + pyrantel 128 (23.5) 2 (0.9)
 Febantel + pyrantel 18 (3.3) 0 (0)
 Fenbendazole 1 (0.2) 2 (0.9)
 Fenbendazole + praziquantel 18 (3.3) 0 (0)
 Ivermectin 5 (0.9) 0 (0)
 Ivermectin + pyrantel 8 (1.5) 0 (0)
 Mebendazole 5 (0.9) 1 (0.5)
 Moxidectin 1 (0.2) 0 (0)
 Mylbemicine + praziquantel 98 (18.0) 76 (34.5)
 Niclosamide + oxibendazole 6 (1.1) 3 (1.4)
 Nitroscanate 4 (0.7) 0 (0)
 Oxibendazole + praziquantel 4 (0.7) 0 (0)
 Praziquantel 23 (4.2) 2 (0.9)
 Praziquantel + pyrantel 66 (12.1) 45 (20.5)
 Pyrantel 13 (2.4) 13 (5.9)
 Selamectin 0 (0) 3 (1.4)
 Do not know 96 (17.6) 49 (22.3)
Ectoparasiticides 625 236
 Afoxalaner 8 (1.3) 0 (0)
 Amitraz 1 (0.2) 0 (0)
 Deltamethrin 87 (13.9) 0 (0)
 Dinotefuran + permethrin + pyriproxyfen 18 (2.9) 0 (0)
 Dinotefuran + pyriproxyfen 0 (0) 3 (1.3)
 Eprinomectin + fipronil + praziquantel + s-methoprene 2 (0.3) 17 (7.2)
 Fipronil 63 (10.1) 60 (25.4)
 Fipronil + permethrin 11 (1.8) 0 (0)
 Fipronil + s-methoprene 28 (4.5) 23 (9.7)
 Flumethrin + imidacloprid 39 (6.2) 13 (5.5)
 Fluralaner 38 (6.1) 0 (0)
 Imidacloprid 36 (5.8) 62 (26.3)
 Imidacloprid + moxidectin 13 (2.1) 18 (7.6)
 Imidacloprid + permethrin 209 (33.4) 0 (0)
 Indoxacarb 17 (2.7) 15 (6.4)
 Lufenuron 6 (1.0) 0 (0)
 Permethrin 24 (3.8) 1 (0.4)a
 Pyriprole 1 (0.2) 0 (0)
 Selamectin 6 (1.0) 3 (1.3)
 Spinosad 0 (0) 3 (1.3)
 Do not know 18 (2.9) 18 (7.6)
  1. aAlthough the product is not approved for this species, pet owners have declared to apply it