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Table 4 Seasonal profile of mean (± SD) element concentrations (mg/kg) in different tissues of barbel and in P. laevis

From: Seasonal profile of metal accumulation in the acanthocephalan Pomphorhynchus laevis: a valuable tool to study infection dynamics and implications for metal monitoring

Element/ Season Tissue Spring Summer Autumn
(n = 8) (n = 8) (n = 8)
As Muscle 0.28 ± 0.25 0.21 ± 0.15 0.19 ± 0.10
  Intestine 0.52 ± 0.32 0.35 ± 0.20 0.45 ± 0.17
  Liver 0.67 ± 0.42 0.54 ± 0.49 0.56 ± 0.21
  P. laevis 1.08 ± 0.54 1.01 ± 0.60 1.92 ± 1.23
Cd Muscle 0.02 ± 0.03 0.01 ± 0.01 0.02 ± 0.01
  Intestine 0.24 ± 0.31 0.11 ± 0.07 0.14 ± 0.05
  Liver 0.16 ± 0.22 0.08 ± 0.04 0.16 ± 0.10
  P. laevis 2.40 ± 2.09 1.34 ± 0.55 2.63 ± 0.58
Co Muscle 0.02 ± 0.01 0.02 ± 0.01 0.02 ± 0.01
  Intestine 0.15 ± 0.08 0.17 ± 0.14 0.19 ± 0.16
  Liver 0.04 ± 0.01 0.04 ± 0.01 0.05 ± 0.03
  P. laevis 0.07 ± 0.02 0.10 ± 0.07 0.13 ± 0.08
Cu Muscle 1.45 ± 1.36 1.57 ± 1.29 1.00 ± 0.39
  Intestine 7.37 ± 4.87 4.79 ± 2.44 6.23 ± 2.85
  Liver 16.92 ± 11.59 13.40 ± 8.11 11.76 ± 5.90
  P. laevis 75.37 ± 35.43 53.13 ± 24.13 77.40 ± 35.84
Fe Muscle 13.29 ± 3.54 10.21 ± 4.72 9.83 ± 4.10
  Intestine 84.55 ± 42.22 70.92 ± 17.87 118.19 ± 89.73
  Liver 71.88 ± 23.11 81.34 ± 39.42 67.94 ± 29.24
  P. laevis 76.62 ± 69.21 41.27 ± 23.28 37.59 ± 10.37
Mn Muscle 0.37 ± 0.15 0.35 ± 0.11 0.45 ± 0.42
  Intestine 4.44 ± 1.48 7.35 ± 6.37 13.84 ± 14.64
  Liver 1.26 ± 0.33 1.49 ± 0.77 1.45 ± 0.80
  P. laevis 4.67 ± 0.85 7.64 ± 5.87 8.94 ± 6.87
Mo Muscle 0.01 ± 0.004 nd 0.01 ± 0.01
  Intestine 0.06 ± 0.04 0.06 ± 0.02 0.03 ± 0.02
  Liver 0.21 ± 0.11 0.28 ± 0.16 0.13 ± 0.06
  P. laevis 0.05 ± 0.02 0.10 ± 0.06 0.05 ± 0.06
Ni Muscle 1.26 ± 1.31 0.66 ± 0.61 0.31 ± 0.16
  Intestine 1.58 ± 0.74 2.28 ± 1.16 1.60 ± 0.84
  Liver 0.33 ± 0.22 0.21 ± 0.15 0.28 ± 0.15
  P. laevis 2.73 ± 1.30 0.55 ± 0.28 0.58 ± 0.26
Pb Muscle 0.01 ± 0.01 0.004 ± 0.003 0.01 ± 0.01
  Intestine 0.09 ± 0.03 0.12 ± 0.10 0.48 ± 0.53
  Liver 0.03 ± 0.02 0.03 ± 0.02 0.06 ± 0.05
  P. laevis 6.83 ± 4.87 5.19 ± 3.74 9.81 ± 4.63
V Muscle 0.04 ± 0.01 0.04 ± 0.01 0.03 ± 0.012
  Intestine 0.15 ± 0.05 0.29 ± 0.36 0.48 ± 0.398
  Liver 0.12 ± 0.05 0.17 ± 0.16 0.14 ± 0.094
  P. laevis 0.07 ± 0.01 0.10 ± 0.04 0.16 ± 0.069
Zn Muscle 4.71 ± 1.49 4.76 ± 1.51 3.66 ± 0.69
  Intestine 11.39 ± 3.86 10.40 ± 1.16 10.14 ± 1.87
  Liver 18.82 ± 3.37 19.23 ± 5.84 18.00 ± 3.96
  P. laevis 63.91 ± 36.39 34.83 ± 16.66 91.06 ± 43.47
  1. nd element not detected (concentration below the detection limit)