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Table 2 Prevalence of canine infection by Babesia spp. in Europe

From: A review of canine babesiosis: the European perspective

Species Country Prevalence in % (population studied) Technique employed Reference
Babesia canis Slovenia 4.6 (238) PCR [58]
Spaina 1.3 (153) PCR [155]
Spaina 10 (120) PCR [35]
Italya 20.7 (164) PCR [84]
Italy 2.3 (420) PCR [57]
Italyb 70 (249) IFAT [156]
Polandb 25.3 (82) PCR [59]
Croatia 2.3 (848) PCR [21]
Romania 44.8 (216) PCR [60]
Romaniaa 71.4 (49) PCR [153]
Slovakiac 3.5 (366) PCR [157]
Lithuaniaa 87.8 (123) PCR [158]
Turkey 0.1 (757) PCR [159]
France 12.9 (140) PCR [64]
Bulgaria 16.2 (167) ELISA [160]
Babesia vogeli Slovenia 1.3 (238) PCR [58]
Italya 6.7 (164) PCR [84]
Italya 4 (99) PCR [93]
Croatia 0.2 (848) PCR [21]
Serbia 1.9 (158) PCR [62]
Spaina 2 (153) PCR [155]
France 0.9 (108) PCR [61]
France 13.6 (140) PCR [64]
Babesia gibsoni d Croatia 0.7 (848) PCR [21]
Serbia 5.7 (158) PCR [62]
Spaina 2 (153) PCR [155]
Spaina 2.5 (120) PCR [35]
Romaniaa 28.6 (49) PCR [153]
Babesia microti-like sp. Spaina 1.9 (2,979) Microscopy and PCR [161]
Spaina 62.5 (120) Microscopy and PCR [35]
Spaina 0.7 (153) PCR [155]
Croatia 0.1 (848) PCR [21]
France 0.7 (140) PCR [64]
Serbia 10.1 (158) PCR [62]
  1. aStudy conducted using dogs with a suspected infection, transmitted by ticks/babesiosis
  2. bStudy conducted using shelter dogs
  3. cStudy conducted in Dirofilaria-infected dogs
  4. dPrevalence studies performed in Europe are rare, although clinical cases have been described at various locations