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Table 4 Kdr allelic frequencies in An. coluzzi and An. gambiae. f(1014)F was determined by qPCR. N represents the number of alleles tested

From: Dynamics of pyrethroid resistance in malaria vectors in southern Benin following a large scale implementation of vector control interventions

Villages June 2012 October 2012 June 2013 October 2013 June 2014
An. coluzzi An. gambiae An. coluzzi An. gambiae An. coluzzi An. gambiae An. coluzzi An. gambiae An. coluzzi An. gambiae
f(1014)F N f(1014)F N f(1014)F N f(1014)F N f(1014)F N f(1014)F N f(1014)F N f(1014)F N f(1014)F N f(1014)F N
Adjozoume 0.65 (0.51–0.76) 62 0.7 (0.34–0.93) 10 1 (0.39–1) 4 1 (0.90–1) 38 1 (0.83–1) 20 1 (0.95–1) 72 1 (0.92–1) 48 1 (0.92–1) 50
Agbarou 0.73 (0.56–0.85) 40 0.75 (0.42–0.94) 12 1 (0.39–1) 4 1 (0.91–1) 42 0.8 (0.61–0.92) 30 1 (0.83–1) 20 0.83 (0.71–0.90) 70 0.99 (0.93–0.99) 82 0.88 (0.78–0.93) 82 1 (0.91–1) 40
Alabansa 0.73 (0.59–0.83) 62 0.68 (0.47–0.84) 28 0.82 (0.65–0.93) 34 1 (0.94–1) 68 0.89 (0.75–0.97) 38 0.97 (0.89–0,99) 66 0.92 (0.77–0.98) 36 0.99 (0.96–0.99) 170 0.89 (0.76–0.96) 46 1 (0.93–1) 54
Djohounkole 0.68 (0.58–0.77) 92 1 (0.54–1) 6 0.89 (0.65–0.98) 18 0.90 (0.68–0,98) 20 0.84 (0.71–0.92) 56 0.91 (0.74–0.98) 32 0.94 (0.84–0.98) 62 1 (0.95–1) 88 0.83 (0.70–0.91) 58 1 (0.73–1) 12
Idena3 0.68 (0.58–0.76) 118 0.75 (0.34–0,96) 8 0.88 (0.47–0,99) 8 0.99 (0.94–0,99) 106 0.93 (0.66–0.99) 14 1 (0.87–1) 28 0.71 (0.41–0.91) 14 1 (0.97–1) 182 0.87 (0.75–0.94) 54 0.97 (0.88–0.99) 46
Igbo-abikou 0.73 (0.54–0.87) 30 0.83 (0.35–0,99) 6 0.85 (0.65–0.95) 26 0.98 (0.93–0.99) 104 0.75 (0.34–0.96) 8 1 (0.95–1) 90 1 (0.76–1) 14 1 (0.97–1) 130 0.78 (0.65–0.87) 60 1 (0.91–1) 42
Itasumba 0.66 (0.50–0.79) 44 0.5 (0.19–0.98) 2 0.78 (0.69–0.86) 96 1 (0.63–1) 8 0.79 (0.69–0.86) 100 1 (0.15–1) 2 0.82 (0.75–0.86) 202 0.71 (0.60–0.80) 80 _
Ketougbekon 0.65 (0.50–0.78) 52 0.83 (0.35–0.99) 6 0.84 (0.71–0.92) 56 0.96 (0.87–0.99) 68 0,88 (0.71–0.96) 32 1 (0.81–1) 18,00 0.91 (0.84–0.95) 122 0.84 (0.73–0.91) 74 0.90 (0.80–0.96) 72 0.86 (0.67–0.95) 28
Ko-aidjedo 0.62 (0.40–0.79) 26 0.42 (0.15–0.72) 12 0.5 (0.19–1) 2 0.96 (0.89–0.99) 84
Ko-Dogba 0.64 (0.52–0.75) 76 0.73 (0.56–0.85) 40 1 (0.39–1) 4 0.92 (0.83–0.96) 84 0.83 (0.51–0.97) 12 1 (0.84–1) 22 0.5 (0.06–0.93) 4 0.97 (0.90–0.99) 90
Kokoumolou 0.60 (0.46–0.71) 62 0.79 (0.49–0.95) 14 0.87 (0.79–0,92) 108 1 (0.86–1) 26 0.9 (0.68–0.98) 20 1 (0.81–1) 18
Tchaada 0.84 (0.74–0.90) 98 0.94 (0.80–0.99) 34 0.92 (0.77–0.98) 36 0.86 (0.71–0.94) 42 0.88 (0.47–0.99) 8 0.92 (0.84–0.96) 92 0.98 (0.87–0.99) 68 0.93 (0.79–0.98) 40 1 (0.63–1) 8
Zihan 0.36 (0.23–0.49) 58 0.63 (0.24–0.91) 8 0.89 (0.80–0.94) 82 0.93 (0.79–0.98) 40 0.84 (0.72–0.91) 68 1 (0.83–1) 20 0.78 (0.67–0.86) 78 1 (0.94–1) 68 1 (0.69–1) 10 1 (0.91–1) 40