Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 3 Frequency and intensity of genito-urinary schistosomiasis in relation to water sources for domestic and recreational uses

From: Prevalence and intensity of genito-urinary schistosomiasis and associated risk factors among junior high school students in two local government areas around Zobe Dam in Katsina State, Nigeria

Water source Number examined (%) Number infected (%) Odds ratio (95 % CI) P-value ECAM (95 % CI)
Borehole 463 (100) 110 (23.76) 1.13 (0.78–1.65) 0.5052 2497 [22.7 (14.28–31.12)]
Dam 174 (100) 87 (50) 3.63 (2.38–5.58) < 0.0001 2106 [24.21 (13.77–34.64)]
Pond 120 (100) 49 (40.83) 2.51 (1.56–4.04) 0.0001 819 [16.71 (10.55–22.87)]
River 53 (100) 19 (35.85) 2.03 (1.06–3.84) 0.0274 853 [44.89 (2.71–87.08)]
Stream 198 (100) 75 (37.88) 2.22 (1.46–3.38) 0.0002 1602 [21.36 (9.95–32.77)]
Well 243 (100) 72 (29.63) 1.53 (1.02–2.32) 0.0406 2480 [34.44 (10.09–58.79)]
Tap 246 (100) 53 (21.54) 1.00 (0.65–1.54) 1.0000 802 [15.13 (7.32–22.95)]
Sachet 2 (100) 0 0 0
Recreational activities
 Swimming 237 (100) 24 (10.13) 1.32 (0.73–2.37) 0.3523 496 [20.67 (9.71–31.62)]
 Playing in shallow water 330 (100) 26 (7.88) 1 397 [15.27 (1.45–29.09)]
 Swimming & playing in shallow water 151 (100) 84 (55.63) 14.55 (8.78–24.64) < 0.0001 2981 [35.49 (14.73–56.25)]
  1. In the ECAM column, the raw egg counts are followed by the mean egg counts and the confidence intervals in parentheses
  2. Abbreviation: ECAM Egg count arithmetic mean