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Table 4 Multivariate analysis of factors associated with polyparasitism among Orang Asli and Malay children in Terengganu (n = 340)

From: A tale of two communities: intestinal polyparasitism among Orang Asli and Malay communities in rural Terengganu, Malaysia

Variable Orang Asli a-OR (95 % CI) P-value Malay a-OR (95 % CI) P-value
Demographic factors
 Gender (boys) 1.38 (0.58–3.26) 0.470 2.36 (0.92–6.09) 0.075
 Family size (≥ 7 members; large) 2.32 (0.88–5.91) 0.089 2.47 (0.98–7.74) 0.052
Socioeconomic factors
 Mother’s educational level (< 6 years) 4.35 (1.72–11.19) 0.001*
 Father’s employment status 1.80 (0.70–4.65) 0.224
 Mother’s employment status (not working) 0.34 (0.12–0.95) 0.039*
 Household monthly income (< RM 500) 2.16 (0.78–4.94) 0.138
 Presence of toilet in house (no) 1.64 (0.71–2.30) 0.063
 Source of drinking water (unsafe water) 3.61 (1.37–7.50) 0.009*
 Presence of domestic animals (yes) 4.30 (1.67–11.08) 0.003* 3.81 (1.04–13.75) 0.045*
Personal hygiene factors
 Washing hands after playing with soil (no) 4.26 (1.59–11.42) 0.004*
 Washing vegetables before eating (no) 3.52 (1.40–8.87) 0.008*
 Wearing shoes when outside (no) 2.94 (1.15–7.53) 0.025*
 Indiscriminate defecation (yes) 3.13 (1.05–9.35) 0.010*
  1. Abbreviations: a-OR adjusted odds ratio, CI confidence interval
  2. *Significant predictors of polyparasitism (P < 0.05)