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Table 5 Knowledge about IPIs symptoms, transmission and prevention among Orang Asli and Malay participants who had prior knowledge on IPIs (n = 160)

From: A tale of two communities: intestinal polyparasitism among Orang Asli and Malay communities in rural Terengganu, Malaysia

Variables Orang Asli n = 104   Malay n = 83   χ 2 P-value
n (%) n (%)
Heard about IPIs (n = 187) 78 75.0 82 98.8 21.157 < 0.001*
Source of information
 Health clinic/hospitals 44 56.4 29 35.4 7.136 0.008*
 Mass media 1 1.3 5 6.1 0.211a
 Other people 6 7.7 18 22.0 6.375 0.012*
 School 4 5.1 10 12.2 2.500 0.114
 Self reading/internet 0 0.0 13 15.9 13.459 < 0.001*
 Do not remember 18 23.1 9 11.0 4.173 0.041*
Signs and symptoms
 Abdominal pain 32 41.0 30 36.6 0.332 0.564
 Abdominal distension 3 3.8 8 9.8 2.181 0.140
 Diarrhoea 9 11.5 35 42.7 19.448 < 0.001*
 Vomiting 8 10.3 11 13.4 0.381 0.537
 Loss of appetite 14 17.9 14 17.1 0.021 0.884
 Pale face 1 1.3 6 7.3 0.062a
 Body weakness 7 9.0 10 12.2 0.437 0.509
 Fever 5 6.4 9 11.0 1.044 0.307
 Itching 20 25.6 8 9.8 6.987 0.008*
 Loss of weight 4 5.2 14 17.1 5.581 0.018*
 Do not know 19 24.4 3 3.7 14.444 < 0.001*
Transmission
 Eating contaminated food 19 24.4 42 51.2 12.226 < 0.001*
 Eating raw/undercooked food 0 0.0 4 4.9 3.951 0.047*
 Dirty hands 15 19.2 49 59.8 27.355 < 0.001*
 Walking barefooted 13 16.7 22 26.8 2.416 0.120
 Drinking untreated water 7 9.0 11 13.4 0.789 0.374
 Playing with soil 19 24.4 10 12.2 3.986 0.046*
 Not cutting nails regularly 2 2.6 5 6.1 0.444a
 Do not know 37 47.4 2 2.4 43.908 < 0.001*
Prevention
 Taking deworming drugs 23 29.5 28 34.1 0.400 0.527
 Washing hands before eating 14 17.9 45 54.9 23.421 < 0.001*
 Wearing shoes when outside the house 10 12.8 17 20.7 1.784 0.182
 Washing vegetables & fruits before eating 15 19.2 35 43.2 10.599 0.001*
 Boiling/filtering drinking water 10 12.8 19 23.5 3.014 0.083
 Do not know 28 35.9 1 1.2 32.394 < 0.001*
  1. Abbreviations: χ 2, Chi-square test statistic
  2. *Significant difference between both groups (P < 0.05)
  3. aFisher’s exact test